“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library

World Revolutions – Questions and Answers

I. Great Revolution in England

1. In what year did the Glorious Revolution take place?
– 1688
2. What was the revolution also known as?
– The Bloodless Revolution
3. Who coined the term “The Glorious Revolution”?
– John Hampden
4. What relation was William of Orange to James II?
– Son-in-law
5. Which monarch sided with James and threatened to declare war on the Netherlands if William went through with his takeover?
– Louis XIV of France
6. Where was the first bloodshed in the invasion?
– Wincanton
7. When did James II try to escape from England?
– December 11, 1688
8. Why was James able to escape again, after being caught and put under protective guard?
– William ordered that he should be allowed to leave
9. What was the name given to the Act of Parliament signed by William and Mary that became one of the crucial parts of English law?
– The Bill of Rights
10. What nickname was given to the people who believed that James and his heirs were the rightful kings?
– The Jacobites
11. He famously said in a speech before the Virginia Commonwealth, “Give me liberty or give me death.”
– Patrick Henry

II. American War of Independence 

12. The tax on tea, at the time, was part of a broader levelling of duties against the colonialists, which included paper, lead, and paint. What was the name given to these acts?
– The Townshend Acts
13. _____________slogan was raised by the people of America as a part of powerful agitation
– No taxation without representation
14. Which was the slogan that thundered along with different parts of North America?
– No taxation without representation


15. Who propagate the slogan “No taxation without representation”?
– James Ottis
16. “Everyone has some fundamental rights. No government has the right to
suspend them”. Who said this?         
– John Locke
17. Who prepared the pamphlet titled common sense?
– Thomas Pine
18. “There is something absurd, in supposing a continent (North America) be perpetually governed by a foreign power (England).”Whose statement was this?                
– Thomas Paine
19. In which year the First Continental Congress held on?
– 1774
20. First Continental Congress held at ————
– Philadelphia
21. In which year the Second Continental Congress held on?
– 1775
22. Second continental congress held at —————
– Philadelphia
23. In which year the American Continental Congress issued the famous  Declaration of Independence?
– 1776
24. According to a treaty, England recognised the freedom of thirteen American colonies. Name the Treaty.
– Treaty of Paris (1783)
25. Who was the leader for the preparation of the American constitution?
– James Madison
26. Who was the first president of the United States of America?
– George Washington
27. What was the main purpose of the migrated population in America in the 16th century?
– To exploit the resources.
28. Name the Latin American countries that were liberated from European colonialism.
– Mexico, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Venezuela, Brazil
29. Who was not related to the Latin American Revolution?
(Francisco Miranda, Simon Bolivar, Maxim Gorky and Jose San Martin)
– Maxim Gorky
30. Who was the leader of the drafting of the American Constitution?
(Thomas Paine, John Locke, George Washington, James Madison)
– James Madison

III. French revolution

31. “The French Revolution is most important for having changed subjects to citizens.” This statement emphasizes the shift from
– divine right rule to people’s participation in government
32. One way in which the caste system in traditional India and the Estates system of pre-revolutionary France are similar is that
– social mobility was very limited
33. On which of the following day did ‘Storming of the Bastille’ occur?
– 14th July 1789
34. What did Bastille symbolize?
– Despotic power of the king
35. In which year the French Revolution started
– 1789
36. 18th-century French society was divided into
– Three Estates
37. The most important of the privileges enjoyed by the clergy and nobility
– Exemption from taxes to the state


38. Society based on freedom, equal laws and opportunities was advocated by
– Philosophers such as John Locke and Rousseau
39. Which of the following refuted the doctrine of divine and absolute right?
(a) John Locke
(b) Rousseau
(c) Montesquieu
(d) Voltaire
– John Locke
40. Who advocated government based on Social Contract?
– Rousseau
41. Division of power within the government was put forth in
– ‘The Spirit of the Laws’
42. Who was the King of France at the time of the Revolution?
– Louis XVI
43. The Estates General was a Political body of ——-
– France
44. The Estates General was last convened in
– 1614
45. Where did the Third Estate form and announce the National Assembly?
– Indoor Tennis Court
46. Members of the Third Estate were led by
– Mirabeau and Abbe Sieyes
47. Who said: The task of representing the people has been given to the rich?
– Jean-Paul Marat
48. The National Assembly framed a Constitution in 1791 to limit the powers of the
– monarch
49. Who wrote an influential pamphlet What is the third Estate’?
– Abbe Sieyes
50. Belief in the ideas of the Enlightenment and discontent within the Third Estate were causes of the
– French Revolution
51. Name the most successful ‘political club’ which became a rallying point for people who wished to continue the Revolution in France.
– Jacobin
52. On what charge was Louis XVI sentenced to death?
– Treason
53. Who reintroduced slavery in France after it was abolished by the Jacobin regime?
– Napoleon
54. “I am the state.” God has given absolute power to the King over his subjects and only God has the authority to question him. Whose statement is it?
– Louis XIV
55. “After me, the deluge. Whose statement is it?
– Louis XV
56.”If they can’t eat bread, let them eat cake.”Whose statement is it?
– Mary Antoinette
57. Name the Tax collected by the clergy from the peasants in France
– Tithe
58. Name the Tax collected by the government from the peasants in France.
– Taille
59. Name the legislative assembly of France during the period of Bourbon kings
– The States-General
60.“When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches a cold”. Whose statement was this?
– Metternich, the Austrian Chancellor
61. Napoleon was defeated by the European Alliance in the battle of ————- in 1815.
– Waterloo
62. ‘A man is born free but everywhere he is in chains. Whose statement is this?
(Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Louis XIV)
– Rousseau

IV. Russian Revolution

63. What was the slogan of the Bolshevik Party which brought it into power in Russia?
– All powers to the Soviets
64. Who is the author of the book ‘The History of a Soviet Collective Farm’?
– Fedor Belov 
65. Who was the leader of Mensheviks           
– Alexander Kerensky
66. Who were the leaders of Bolsheviks
– Lenin and Trotsky
67. The workers’ organizations formed in Russia is called———–
– Soviets


68. Which was formed in Russia to solve the plight of workers and later split into two?
– Social Democratic Workers Party
69. Name the Legislative Assembly of Russia during the period of Tsars
– Duma
70. Who was the Russian emperor during the period of the Revolution
– Nicholas II
71. When did Russian Czar, Nicholas II resign?
– On March 2, 1917
72. Who was the chairman of the cabinet formed after the Russian Revolution?
– Lenin
73. Which party was called the Bolshevik Party after the Russian Revolution?
– The Russian Communist Party
74. When was the Communist Manifesto published 
– 1848
75. When did the Bolsheviks make peace with Germany?
– March 1918
76. What was the immediate cause of the Russian Revolution?
– Russian defeat in first world war
77. What is the other name of the Russian Revolution?
– Bolshevic Revolution
78. Who was the leader of the Revolution of Nov. 1917?
– Lenin
79. In Which country took place the “Bloody Sunday”?
(United States, France, Russia, China)
– Russia

V. Chinese revolution

80. where the open door policy adopted?
– China
81. Which was the policy announced by America to establish trade supremacy in China?
– Open Door Policy
82. Who was the exponent of the open door policy?
– John O
83. 1912 E. Snyat Sen, the foundation of which party?
– Kuo Mingtang Party
84. Who created the Chinese Nationalist Party in the early twentieth century?
– Chiang Kai-shek
85. Who undertook the famed ‘Long March’ to escape persecution in the 1930s?
– The Communists
86. During the Chinese Civil War, US foreign policy was especially volatile, and the United States insisted on supporting the Nationalists long after the cause was obviously hopeless. What major world occurrence after World War Two was causing this tension in US foreign policy?
– The Cold War
87. This student of Sun Yat-Sen became the head of the Nationalist Party upon Sun Yat-Sen’s death. Who was he?
– Chiang Kai-Shek
88. This man became the most powerful leader of the Communist Party due largely to his actions during the Long March of the late 1930s. By the time the march ended, he was well on his way to a life of great political power. Who was he?
– Mao Zedong
89. Sun Yat-Sen’s basic and early underlying ideology for the Nationalist Party was based on what?
– ‘The Three People’s Principles’
90. What was the name of the Communist Army during the late years of the Civil War in China?
– The People’s Liberation Army
91. Mao Zedong formally announced the founding of the new government of China (and therefore the end of the Civil War) in front of the Forbidden City in what year?
– 1949
92. 1925 AD .’s Hunan peasant movement led by whom?
– Mao Zedong
93. When the civil war began in China?
– 1928 AD.
94. Who was the first president of the Chinese communist republic?
– Mao Zedong
95. Where the establishment of the Government of Chiang Kai-shek?
– Formosa

VI. Second World War

96. Germany’s invasion of which country started world war II?
– Poland
97. Who was the leader of England during World war II?
– Winston Churchill
98. Who was the leader of the German Military of World war II?
– Adolf Hitler
99. Who was the leader of the Soviet Union during World War II?
– Joseph Stalin
100. When did China enter World War II?
– 1941
101. Which was the most important battle in World War II?
– Battle of Stalingrad
102. What was the longest battle in World War II?
– Battle of the Atlantic.
103. What was the US strategy in the Pacific during World War II?
– Leapfrogging
104. Who was the Commanding General of the German Afrika Korps nicknamed ‘The Desert Fox’?
– Erwin Rommel
105. Who was the Commander General of Italy during World War II?
– Benito Mussolini
106. Who was the Commander General of Japan during World War II?
– Hideki Tojo
107. What was the last battle of World War II?
– Battle of Okinawa



108. Why did the United States declare war on Japan in 1941?
– Attack on Pearl Harbor
109. When did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor?
– 7 December 1941
110. Which country lost the most lives in World War II?
– Soviet Union
111. What was the largest battleship of World War II?
– Yamato
112. Which Country was the first Axis Power to surrender?
– Italy
113. What was the largest tank battle in history?
– Battle of Kursk
114. When did Japan surrender in World War II?
– 1945
115. When did Germany surrender in World War II?
– 7 May 1945
116. Which Power won World War II?
– Allied powers
117. What was the treaty that ended World War II?
– Paris Peace treaties
118. Which economy is controlled by private individuals in production and distribution?
– Capitalism
119. Name the policy of the capitalist nations to promote fascist attacks?
– The policy of Appeasement
120. Which countries were included in the Allied powers during Second World War?
– England, France, China
121. Name the organization that was formed with the aim of establishing an independent state for the Palestinians?
– Palestine Liberation Organization
122. Who was the leader Palestine Liberation Organization?
– Yasser Arafat
123. Which was the agreement signed by Israel with the US leadership to make Palestine an independent state?
– Oslo Agreement
124. “War is to man what maternity is to Women“ Who made this statement?
– Mussolini
125. Which movement was formed with the aim of establishing a nation for the Jews?
– Zionist movement
126. “I have come with the olive leaves of peace on one hand and the gun of the liberation fighter on the other. Don’t let the olives lose my hands. ‘ Whose statement is this?
– Yasser Arafat
127. Which country was ruled by the Hohan Solan dynasty?
(Austria-Hungary, Russia, France, Germany)
– Germany
128. Which is not related to First World War?
(Triple alliance, Triple entente, Axis forces, Balkan crisis)
– Axis forces
129. Kenyatta led the anti-imperialist struggle in:
(Ghana, Kenya, South Africa, Egypt)
– Kenya
130. ‘A war to end all war’. Who made this statement?
(Hitler, Mussolini, Marshal Tito, Woodrow Wilson)
– Woodrow Wilson

VII. United Nations Organisation (UNO)

131. The name “United Nations”, coined by:
(a) Franklin D. Roosevelt (b) Trygve Lie
(c) Winston Churchill (d) Stalin
Answer: (a)
132. The forerunner of the United Nations:
(a) UNEP (b) League of Nations
(c) UPU (d) ILO
Answer: (b)
133. The League of Nations was formed after:
(a) Treaty of Versailles (b) Treaty of Paris
(c) Treaty of Nanking (d) None of these
Answer: (a)
134. In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in ……. at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter.
(a) New York (b) Chicago
(c) Washington DC (d) San Francisco
Answer: (d)
135.  The Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945 by the representatives of the …. countries.
(a) 50       (b) 51 (c) 45    (d) 40
Answer: (a)
136. …… which was not represented at the San Francisco Conference, signed the Charter later and became one of the original 51 member states.
(a) Germany (b) Poland
(c) Italy (d) China
Answer: (b)
137. The United Nations officially came into existence on
(a) 26 June 1945 (b) 14 October 1945 (c) 24
October 1945 (d) 30 October 1945
Answer: (c)
138. United Nations Day is celebrated on …… each year.
(a) October 30 (b) May 24
(c) December 10 (d) October 24
Answer: (d)
139. The declaration of the St.James Palace was signed on 12 June, ……
(a) 1944      (b) 1941 
(c) 1942      (d) 1943
Answer: (b)
140. The US President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill signed Atlantic Charter on August 14, …..
(a) 1941      (b) 1942 
(c) 1943      (d) 1944
Answer: (a)
141. The United Nations Declaration was signed in:
(a) 1942     (b) 1943 
(c) 1944     (d) 1945
Answer: (a)
142. The Casablanca Conference (codenamed SYMBOL) was held at the Anfa Hotel in Casablanca, Morocco, then a French protectorate, from January 14 to 24, ……., to plan the European strategy of the Allies during World War II. (a)
1945      (b) 1944 
(c) 1943       (d) 1942
Answer: (c)
143. On October 30, the ……. was signed by Vyacheslav Molotov, Anthony Eden, Cordell Hull and Foo Ping Shen, the Chinese Ambassador to the Soviet Union.
(a) Atlantic Charter
(b) Declaration of the St.James Palace
(c) Moscow Declaration
(d) Charter of United Nations
Answer: (c)
144. The Tehran Conference (codenamed EUREKA) was the meeting of Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill between November 28 and December 1, ……., most of which were held at the Soviet Embassy in Tehran, Iran.
(a) 1942     (b) 1943 
(c) 1944    (d) 1945
Answer: (c)
145. The Conference at Dumbarton Oaks was held in:
(a) 1940     (b) 1942 
(c) 1943    (d) 1944
Answer: (d)
146. The important leader who attended the Yalta Conference of 1945:
(a) Churchill (b) Stalin
(c) Roosevelt (d) All of these
Answer: (d)
147. Name the organisation that was replaced by the United Nations:
(a) ILO (b) League of Nations
(c) UPU (d) Red Cross
Answer: (b)
148. Which one of the following is a stated aim of UNO?
(a) To facilitate cooperation in international law
(b) To promote economic development
(c) Achieving world peace
(d) All the above
Answer: (d)
149. The total number of members in UNO :
(a) 185     (b) 190       
(c) 192      (d) 191
Answer: (c)
150. The headquarters of UNO:
(a) Geneva (b) New York
(c) London (d) Rome
Answer: (b)
151. The headquarters of the League of Nations was:
(a) London (b) Geneva
(c) New York (d) San Francisco
Answer: (b)
152. The main deliberative assembly of the United Nations:
(a) Security Council (b) General Assembly
(c) Secretariat (d) ECOSOC
Answer: (b)
153. The first meetings of the UN General Assembly were held in:
(a) New York (b) Geneva
(c) London (d) San Francisco
Answer: (c)
154. In which year the first meetings of the General Assembly
was held?
(a) 1945     (b) 1946 
(c) 1947       (d) 1948
Answer: (b)
155. The number of countries that attended the first meeting of
the General Assembly:
(a) 26           (b) 25   
(c) 50      (d) 51
Answer: (d)

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