“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library


The Suez Canal Crisis, also known as the Suez Crisis or the Second Arab-Israeli War, was a major international conflict that occurred in 1956. The crisis centered around the Suez Canal, a vital waterway connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea, which was owned and operated by the Suez Canal Company, largely controlled by Britain and France.

The crisis was triggered by Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser’s decision to nationalize the Suez Canal on July 26, 1956. This move was seen as a response to the withdrawal of Western funding for the construction of the Aswan High Dam, a major infrastructure project in Egypt. Nasser’s nationalization of the canal was also driven by his desire to assert Egyptian sovereignty and control over a strategic asset.

Britain and France, alarmed by the nationalization of the canal and fearing the loss of their control over the waterway, colluded with Israel to launch a military intervention. In October 1956, Israeli forces invaded the Sinai Peninsula, quickly advancing towards the Suez Canal. British and French forces subsequently landed in Egypt under the pretext of separating the warring parties and ensuring the free passage of ships through the canal.

However, the military intervention by Britain, France, and Israel was met with international condemnation, particularly from the United States and the Soviet Union. Both superpowers opposed the invasion and pressured the invading countries to withdraw their forces from Egypt. Under intense diplomatic pressure and the threat of economic sanctions, Britain, France, and Israel eventually agreed to withdraw their forces.

The Suez Canal Crisis had significant repercussions for the countries involved and for international relations more broadly. It marked the decline of British and French colonial influence in the Middle East and the rise of the United States and the Soviet Union as the dominant superpowers in the region. It also highlighted the growing assertiveness of post-colonial states like Egypt and their determination to assert their sovereignty and independence on the international stage.

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