“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library


Home Rule refers to the campaign for self-government within a constituent unit of a larger political entity, typically a nation or state. The term is most commonly associated with Ireland’s struggle for self-governance within the United Kingdom in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

In the context of Ireland, the Home Rule movement emerged in the 19th century as a response to grievances over British rule and demands for greater Irish autonomy. Advocates of Home Rule sought to establish a separate Irish parliament with limited powers to manage domestic affairs while remaining part of the United Kingdom.

The first serious attempt to achieve Home Rule came with the Home Rule Bill of 1886, introduced by Liberal Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone. However, this initial bill was defeated in the House of Commons due to opposition from both Conservative and Unionist factions within Parliament.

Subsequent Home Rule bills were proposed in 1893 and 1912, the latter being the most significant. The Government of Ireland Act 1914, commonly known as the Third Home Rule Bill, was passed by the British Parliament but was suspended due to the outbreak of World War I. It was eventually implemented as the Government of Ireland Act 1920, leading to the establishment of separate parliaments for Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland. However, the situation in Ireland remained contentious, leading to the Irish War of Independence and ultimately the partition of Ireland and the creation of the Irish Free State (later the Republic of Ireland) in 1922.

The Home Rule movement in Ireland was a significant chapter in the country’s history, reflecting broader struggles for self-determination and national identity within the British Empire. While Home Rule did not achieve its original aims in the form initially envisaged, it played a crucial role in shaping Ireland’s path towards independence.

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