“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library


The term “Great War” is commonly used to refer to World War I, which was a global conflict that lasted from 1914 to 1918. It earned the title “Great War” because of its unprecedented scale, scope, and impact on the world.

World War I was primarily fought between the Allied Powers, including countries such as France, the United Kingdom, Russia, and later the United States, against the Central Powers, including Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire.

Key factors that contributed to the outbreak of the Great War include:

1. **Imperialism**: Rivalries between European powers over colonial territories and resources heightened tensions and contributed to the outbreak of war.

2. **Nationalism**: Nationalistic fervor and competition between nations fueled animosity and a desire for territorial expansion.

3. **Militarism**: The arms race among European powers led to the development of large, well-equipped armies and a belief in the utility of military force to achieve political objectives.

4. **Alliance system**: A system of alliances formed between European powers divided the continent into two opposing blocs, creating a complex web of obligations that escalated conflicts.

5. **Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand**: The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary in June 1914 in Sarajevo, Bosnia, by a Serbian nationalist was the immediate trigger for the outbreak of war.

World War I was characterized by trench warfare, chemical weapons, and the use of new technologies such as machine guns, tanks, and airplanes. The war resulted in millions of casualties, both military and civilian, and led to widespread destruction and suffering.

The Treaty of Versailles, signed in 1919, officially ended World War I, but its harsh terms, particularly the reparations imposed on Germany, sowed the seeds of resentment and economic hardship, contributing to the conditions that led to World War II.

World War I had far-reaching consequences, including the redrawing of national boundaries, the collapse of empires, and the emergence of new geopolitical realities. It fundamentally reshaped the political, social, and economic landscape of the 20th century.

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