“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library

Plant Kingdom MCQ For NEET Examination

Q.The role of double fertilization in angiosperms is to produce-

(a) endosperm

(b) integuments

(c) cotyledons

(d) endocarp

Correct Answer: (a) endosperm

Q.Which of the following is a “resurrection” plant?

(a) Lycopodium

(b) Selaginella

(c) Rhynia

(d) Marsilia

Correct Answer: (b) Selaginella

Q.Algae used in the space program is

(a) fucus

(b) volvox

(c) Chlamydomonas

(d) chlorella

Correct Answer: (d) chlorella

Q.Which of the following is not the feature of gymnosperms?

(a) Parallel venation

(b) Perennial plants

(c) Distinct branches

(d) Xylem with vessels

Correct Answer: (d) Xylem with vessels

Q.In Pinus, the male cone bears a large number of

(a) ligules

(b) anthers

(c) microsporophylls

(d) megasporophylls

Correct Answer: (c) microsporophylls

Q.In gymnosperms, ovules are

(a) covered

(b) naked

(c) single coat

(d) imbricate

Correct Answer: (b) naked

Q.Laminaria (kelp) and Fucus (rockweed) are the examples of

(a) red algae

(b) brown algae

(c) green algae

(d) golden brown algae

Correct Answer: (b) brown algae

Q.Tallest angiosperm is

(a) Eucalyptus

(b) redwood tree

(c) oak tree

(d) Pinus

Correct Answer: (a) Eucalyptus

Q.Seaweeds are an important source of

(a) chlorine

(b) fluorine

(c) iodine

(d) fromine

Correct Answer: (c) iodine

Q.Which of the following is a fatty oil-yielding plant?

(a) Sunflower

(b) Acacia

(c) Butea

(d) Casuarina

Correct Answer: (a) Sunflower

Q.The red colour of Rhodophyta is due to the preponderance:

(a) phycobilins

(b) phycocyanin

(c) phycoerythrin

(d) None of these

Correct Answer: (c) phycoerythrin

Q.The present-day higher green plants are believed to have evolved from:

(a) ferns

(b) green algae

(c) liverwort

(d) mosses

Correct Answer: (a) ferns

Q.The largest flower found is known as :

(a) Rafflesia

(b) Tecoma

(c) Musa

(d) Cauliflower

Correct Answer: (a) Rafflesia

Q.Chloroplasts of Spirogyra have:

(a) spiral margin

(b) smooth or waxy margin

(c) smooth margin

(d) None of the above

Correct Answer: (a) spiral margin

Q.Which of the following is autotrophic?

(a) Virus

(b) Mycoplasma

(c) Nostoc

(d) All of these

Correct Answer: (c) Nostoc

Q.Fern plant is a

(a) haploid gametophyte

(b) diploid gametophyte

(c) diploid sporophyte

(d) haploid sporophyte

Correct Answer: (c) diploid sporophyte

Q.Pre-fertilized endosperm is characteristic of

(a) Pteridophytes

(b) Angiosperms

(c) Gymnosperms

(d) Bryophytes

Correct Answer: (c) Gymnosperms

Q.Besides paddy fields cyanobacteria are also found inside the vegetative part of:

(a) Cycas

(b) Equisetum

(c) Psilotum

(d) Pinus

Correct Answer: (a) Cycas

Q.Isogamous condition with non-flagellated gametes is found in:

(a) Spirogyra

(b) Volvox

(c) Fucus

(d) Chlamydomonas

Correct Answer: (a) Spirogyra

Q.Which of the following is not correctly matched for the organism and its cell wall degrading enzyme?

(a) Plant cells-Cellulase

(b) Algae-Methylase

(c) Fungi-Chitinase

(d) Bacteria-Lysozyme

Correct Answer: (b) Algae-Methylase

Q.The plant body is thalloid in

(a) Funaria

(b) Sphagnum

(c) Salvinia

(d) Marchantia

Correct Answer: (d) Marchantia

Q.What is common in all three, Funaria, Dryopteris, and Ginkgo?

(a) Independent sporophyte

(b) Presence of archegonia

(c) Well developed vascular tissues

(d) Independent gametophyte

Correct Answer: (b) Presence of archegonia

Q.Which one of the following is wrongly matched?

(a) Nostoc-Water blooms

(b) Spirogyra-Motile gametes

(c) Sargassum-Chlorophyll c

(d) Basidiomycetes-Puffballs

Correct Answer: (b) Spirogyra-Motile gametes

Q.Which one of the following shows isogamy with non-flagellated gametes?

(a) Sargassum

(b) Ectocarpus

(c) Ulothrix

(d) Spirogyra

Correct Answer: (d) Spirogyra

Q.Which of the following is responsible for peat formation?

(a) Marchantia

(b) Riccia

(c) Funaria

(d) Sphagnum

Correct Answer: (d) Sphagnum

Q.An alga that can be employed as food for the human being is:

(a) Ulothrix

(b) Chlorella

(c) Spirogyra

(d) Polysiphonia

Correct Answer: (b) Chlorella

Q.In which of the following gametophyte is not independent free living?

(a) Marchantia

(b) Pteris

(c) Pinus

(d) Funaria

Correct Answer: (c) Pinus

Q.Male gemetes are flagellated in:

(a) Anabaena

(b) Ectocarpus

(c) Spirogyra

(d) Polysiphonia

Correct Answer: (b) Ectocarpus

Q.In angiosperms, microsporogenesis, and megasporogenesis :

(a) form gametes without further divisions

(b) Involve meiosis

(c) occur in ovule

(d) occur in anther

Correct Answer: (b) Involve meiosis

Q.In bryophytes and pteridophytes, transport of male gametes requires

(a) Wind

(b) Insects

(c) Birds

(d) Water

Correct Answer: (d) Water

Q.An example of colonial alga is :

(a) Volvox

(b) Ulothrix

(c) Spirogyra

(d) Chlorella

Correct Answer: (a) Volvox

Q.Zygotic meiosis is characteristic of:

(a) Fucus

(b) Funaria

(c) Chlamydomonas

(d) Marchantia

Correct Answer: (c) Chlamydomonas

Q.Life cycle of Ectocarpus and Fucus respectively are:

(a) Diplontic, Haplodiplontic

(b) Haplodiplontic, Diplontic

(c) Haplodiplontic, Haplontic

(d) Haplontic, Diplontic

Q.Correct Answer: (b) Haplodiplontic, Diplontic

Select the mismatch

(a) Cycas – Dioecious

(b) Salvinia – Heterosporous

(c) Equisetum – Homosporous

(d) Pinus – Dioecious

Correct Answer: (d) Pinus – Dioecious

Q.Double fertilization is exhibited by :

(a) Algae

(b) Fungi

(c) Angiosperms

(d) Gymnosperms

Correct Answer: (c) Angiosperms

Q.Cyanobacteria are classified under

(a) Protista

(b) Plantae

(c) Monera

(d) Algae

Correct Answer: (c) Monera

Q.Fusion of two motile gametes which are dissimilar in size is termed as

(a) oogamy

(b) isogamy

(c) anisogamy

(d) zoogamy

Correct Answer: (c) anisogamy

Q.Holdfast, stipe, and frond constitutes the plant body in case of

(a) Rhodophyceae

(b) Chlorophyceae

(c) Phaeophyceae

(d) All of these

Correct Answer: (c) Phaeophyceae

Q.The embryo sac of an angiosperm is made up of

(a) 8 cells

(b) 7 cells and 8 nuclei

(c) 8 nuclei

(d) 7 cells and 7 nuclei

Correct Answer: (b) 7 cells and 8 nuclei

Q.If the diploid number of a flowering plant is 36. What would be the chromosome number in its endosperm?

(a) 36

(b) 18

(c) 54

(d) 72

Correct Answer: (c)54

Q.Protonema is

(a) haploid and is found in mosses

(b) diploid and is found in liverworts

(c) diploid and is found in pteridophytes

(d) haploid and is found in pteridophytes

Correct Answer: (a) haploid and is found in mosses

Q.The giant redwood tree (Sequoia sempervirens) is a/an

(a) angiosperm

(b) free fern

(c) pteridophyte

(d) gymnosperm

Correct Answer: (d) gymnosperm

Q.Red algae have green chlorophyll-a that is like the one present in

(a) green algae

(b) cyanobacteria

(c) mosses

(d) higher plants

Correct Answer: (b) cyanobacteria

Q.Which one of the following is generally found in cool seas?

(a) red algae

(b) brown algae

(c) green algae

(d) blue-green algae

Correct Answer: (b) brown algae

Q.Floridean starch is found in

(a) red algae

(b) brown algae

(c) green algae

(d) blue-green algae

Correct Answer: (a) red algae

Q.Fucoxanthin is found in

(a) red algae

(b) brown algae

(c) green algae

(d) blue-green algae

Correct Answer: (b) brown algae

Q.The zoospore of Ulothrix has

(a) one flagellum

(b) two flagella

(c) three flagella

(d) four flagella

Correct Answer: (d) four flagella

Q.A diploid structure with a tough coat produced during unfavorable conditions are

(a) zoospore

(b) zygote

(c) zygospore

(d) spore

Correct Answer: zygospore

Q.A multicellular green algae is

(a) Chondrus

(b) Laminaria

(c) Chlamydomonas

(d) Ulva

Correct Answer: (d) Ulva

Q.Which one of the following does not have flagellated male gamete?

(a) red algae

(b) brown algae

(c) mosses

(d) green algae

Correct Answer: (a) red algae

Q.Which one of the following groups led to the evolution of land plants?

(a) Rhodophyta

(b) Phaeophyta

(c) Chlorophyta

(d) Cyanophyta

Correct Answer: (c) Chlorophyta

Q.A distinct feature of bryophytes, when compared to other green plants, is that they

(a) produce spores

(b) have sporophyte attached to the gametophyte

(c) lack xylem

(d) lack roots

Correct Answer: (b) have sporophyte attached to the gametophyte

Q.The first land inhabiting plants are

(a) pteridophytes

(b) bryophytes

(c) gymnosperms

(d) angiosperms

Correct Answer: (a) pteridophytes

Q.Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of bryophytes?

(a) presence of archegonia

(b) water is essential for fertilization

(c) an independent photosynthetic sporophyte

(d) motile sperms

Correct Answer: (c) an independent photosynthetic sporophyte

Q.Which of the following bryophyte is of great economic importance?

(a) funaria

(b) liverworts

(c) sphagnum

(d) chondrus

Correct Answer: (c) sphagnum

Q.Water is essential for the life cycle of Funaria because

(a) it will dry without water

(b) fertilization takes place in water

(c) it is a hydrophyte

(d) the growth will remain stunted in the

absence of water

Correct Answer: (b) fertilization takes place in water

Q.Which of the following is likely to occur on sea coasts?

(a) mosses

(b) green algae

(c) red algae

(d) brown algae

Q.Correct Answer: (d) brown algae

A moss differs from a fern in having

(a) swimming sperms

(b) alternation of generation

(c) dependent gametophyte

(d) independent gametophyte

Q.Correct Answer: (d) independent gametophyte

Which of the following groups produces spores, but lacks vascular tissue?

(a) fungi

(b) pteridophytes

(c) gymnosperms

(d) angiosperms

Correct Answer: (a) fungi

Q.The protonema of moss is

(a) diploid

(b) haploid

(c) sporophyte

(d) sporangium

Correct Answer: (a) diploid

Q.The male gametophyte in higher plants is represented by

(a) microspore

(b) anther

(c) pollen grain

(d) male gamete

Correct Answer: (c) pollen grain

Q.Which of the following conditions is found in Pinus but not Pteris?

(a) conducting tissue

(b) uncovered seeds

(c) presence of sporangia

(d) secondary growth

Correct Answer: (b) uncovered seeds

Q.Which of the following is an amphibian of the plant kingdom?

(a) red algae

(b) fungi

(c) moss

(d) pines

Correct Answer: (c) moss

Q.A Pinus does not have

(a) resin canals

(b) xylem tracheids

(c) ovuliferous scales

(d) two cotyledons

Correct Answer: (d) two cotyledons

Q.Gymnosperms do not bear fruits because

(a) they are not pollinated

(b) they lack ovary

(c) they produce spores

(d) they do not have seeds

Correct Answer: (b) they lack ovary

Q.Which of the following has a dominant sporophytic generation?

(a) Dryopteris

(b) Funaria

(c) Spirogyra

(d) Liverworts

Correct Answer: (a) Dryopteris

Q.Which of the following groups produce seeds but lack flowers?

(a) bryophytes

(b) fungi

(c) pteridophytes

(d) gymnosperm

Correct Answer: (d) gymnosperm

Q.Irish moss is the common name of a particular

(a) algae

(b) moss

(c) lichen

(d) fungi

Correct Answer: (a) algae

Q.Agar-Agar is produced from

(a) blue-green algae

(b) red algae

(c) brown algae

(d) green algae

Correct Answer: (b) red algae

Q.Kelp is a kind of

(a) an aquatic plant

(b) a moss

(c) an algae

(d) a fungus

Correct Answer: (c) an algae

Q.Cuscuta is a

(a) xerophyte

(b) parasite

(c) sporophyte

(d) epiphyte

Correct Answer: (b) parasite

Q.The pitcher plant is

(a) autotrophic

(b) saprophytic

(c) parasitic

(d) insectivorous

Correct Answer: (d) insectivorous

Q.The sporangia of a fern develop on

(a) roots

(b) stems

(c) rhizoids

(d) leaves

Correct Answer: (d) leaves

Q.An ovule is the equivalent of

(a) megasporangium

(b) megasporophyll

(c) megaspore

(d) female gamete

Correct Answer: (a) megasporangium

Q.In Pinus the fertilization takes place in the

(a) 1st-year cone

(b) 2nd-year cone

(c) 3rd-year cone

(d) microsporangia

Correct Answer: (b) 2nd-year cone

Q.Wolffia a small plant about 1 mm in diameter is a

(a) moss

(b) pteridophyte

(c) gymnosperm

(d) angiosperm

Correct Answer: (d) angiosperm

Q.Carpels of angiosperms are equivalent to

(a) sporophyll

(b) sporangia

(c) spore

(d) zygospore

Correct Answer: (a) sporophyll

Q.A monocot angiosperm has

(a) taproot

(b) corolla in sets of 5

(c) scattered vascular bundles

(d) 6 groups of xylem

Correct Answer: (c) scattered vascular bundles

Q.A plant showing reticulate venation and a woody stem is a

(a) pteridophyte

(b) gymnosperm

(c) monocot

(d) dicot

Correct Answer: (d) dicot

Q.Chilgozas are the seeds of

(a) a monocot

(b) a dicot

(c) conifer

(d) false fruit

Correct Answer: (c) conifer

Q.Frond is a term given to the leaves of

(a) a moss

(b) a fern

(c) a conifer

(d) an angiosperm

Correct Answer: (b) a fern

Q.The group of plants having vascular tissue is called

(a) Bryophyta

(b) Pteridophyta

(c) angiosperms

(d) Tracheophyta

Correct Answer: (d) Tracheophyta

Q.Which group has seeds enclosed in fruits?

(a) Gymnospermae

(b) Angiospermae

(c) phanerogamae

(d) pteridophytes

Correct Answer: (b) Angiospermae

Q.Ferns belong to the following group

(a) thallophyta

(b) Bryophyta

(c) Pteridophyta

(d) Gymnospermae

Correct Answer: (c) Pteridophyta

Q.Lichens have a symbiotic relationship between

(a) alga and bacteria

(b) alga and fungus

(c) bacteria and fungus

(d) fern and bacteria

Correct Answer: (b) alga and fungus

Q.Dicotyledon plants generally have

(a) fibrous roots

(b) pentamerous flowers

(c) parallel venation in leaves

(d) trimerous flowers

Correct Answer: (b) pentamerous flowers

Q.Mushroom belongs to the group

(a) algae

(b) fungi

(c) lichens

(d) Bryophyta

Correct Answer: (b) fungi

Q.Both chlorophyll a and b are present in

(a) Rhodophyceae

(b) Phaeophyceae

(c) Chlorophyceae

(d) None of these

Correct Answer: (c) Chlorophyceae

Q.Bryophytes can be separated from algae because they

(a) are thalloid forms

(b) have no conducting tissue

(c) possess archegonia

(d) contain chloroplast

Correct Answer: (c) possess archegonia

Q.The female reproductive part of bryophytes is

(a) Antheridium

(b) Oogonium

(c) Archegonium

(d) Sporangium

Correct Answer: (c) Archegonium

Q.Which of the following is called amphibians of the plant kingdom?

(a) Bryophytes

(b) Pteridophytes

(c) Gymnosperms

(d) Algae

Correct Answer: (a) Bryophytes

Q.Bryophytes are of

(a) great economic value

(b) no value at all

(c) great ecological importance

(d) a lot of aesthetic value

Correct Answer: (c) great ecological importance

Q.The common characteristic between bryophytes and pteridophytes are

(a) vascularisation

(b) terrestrial habit

(c) water for fertilization

(d) independent sporophyte

Correct Answer: (c) water for fertilization

Q.The plant group that produces spores and embryo but lacks vascular tissues and seeds is

(a) Pteridophyta

(b) Rhodophyta

(c) Bryophyta

(d) Phaeophyta

Correct Answer: (c) Bryophyta

Q.A plant having seeds but lacking flowers and fruits belongs to

(a) pteridophytes

(b) mosses

(c) ferns

(d) gymnosperms

Correct Answer: (d) gymnosperms

Q.Agar is commercially obtained from

(a) red algae

(b) green algae

(c) brown algae

(d) blue-green algae

Correct Answer: (a) red algae

Q.Brown algae are characterized by the presence of

(a) phycocyanin

(b) phycoerythrin

(c) fucoxanthin

(d) haematochrome

Correct Answer: (c) fucoxanthin

Q.Chloroplast of Chlamydomonas is

(a) stellate

(b) cup-shaped

(c) collar-shaped

(d) spiral

Correct Answer: (b) cup-shaped

Q.Sexual reproduction involving the fusion of two cells in the Chlamydomonas is

(a) isogamy

(b) homogamy

(c) somatogamy

(d) hologamy

Correct Answer: (a) isogamy

Q.Prothallus (gametophyte) gives rise to fern plant (sporophyte) without fertilization. It is

(a) apospory

(b) apogamy

(c) parthenocarpy

(d) parthenogenesis

Correct Answer: (b) apogamy

Q.Moss peristome takes part in

(a) spore dispersal

(b) photosynthesis

(c) protection

(d) absorption

Correct Answer: (a) spore dispersal

Q.Which one of the following is a living fossil?

(a) Pinus

(b) Opuntia

(c) Ginkgo

(d) Thuja

Correct Answer: (c) Ginkgo

Q.Blue-green algae belong to

(a) eukaryotes

(b) prokaryotes

(c) Rhodophyceae

(d) Chlorophyceae

Correct Answer: (b) prokaryotes

Q.Dichotomous branching is found in

(a) Fern

(b) Funaria

(c) Liverworts

(d) Marchantia

Correct Answer: (d) Marchantia

Q.Floridean starch is found in

(a) Chlorophyceae

(b) Rhodophyceae

(c) myxophyceae

(d) Cyanophyceae

Correct Answer: (b) Rhodophyceae

Q.Cycas have two cotyledons but not included in angiosperms because of

(a) naked ovules

(b) seems like monocot

(c) circinate ptyxis

(d) compound leaves

Correct Answer: (a) naked ovules

Q.Peat moss is used as packing material for sending flowers and live plants to distant places because

(a) it is hygroscopic

(b) it reduces transpiration

(c) it serves as a disinfectant

(d) it is easily available

Correct Answer: (a) it is hygroscopic

Q.In angiosperms, functional megaspore develops into

(a) embryo sac

(b) ovule

(c) endosperm

(d) pollen sac

Correct Answer: (a) embryo sac

Q.In gymnosperms like Pinus and Cycas, the endosperm is

(a) triploid

(b) haploid

(c) diploid

(d) tetraploid

Correct Answer: (b) haploid

Q.Protonema occurs in the life cycle of

(a) Riccia

(b) Funaria

(c) Equisetum

(d) Spirogyra

Correct Answer: (b) Funaria

Q.Which of the following cannot fix nitrogen?

(a) Nostoc

(b) Azotobacter

(c) Spirogyra

(d) Anabaena

Correct Answer: (c) Spirogyra

Q.An alga very rich in protein is

(a) spirogyra

(b) ulothrix

(c) oscillatoria

(d) chlorella

Correct Answer: (d) chlorella

Q.Which one of the following plants is monoecious?

(a) Pinus

(b) Cycas

(c) Fucus

(d) Marchantia

Correct Answer: (a) Pinus

Q.Which type of ribosomes is found in Nostoc cells?

(a) 50S

(b) 60S

(c) 70S

(d) Eukaryotic

Correct Answer: (c) 70S

Q.Nostoc is a

(a) green alga

(b) yellow-green alga

(c) blue-green alga

(d) red alga

Correct Answer: (c) blue-green alga

Q.The attachment structure/s found in lichens

(a) Rhizomes

(b) Holdfast

(c) Both of these

(d) Rhizosphere

Correct Answer: (c) Both of these

Q.Bioindicators are

(a) lichens tracing the presence of pollution

(b) fossil lichens

(c) a special type of litmus paper

(d) None of the above

Correct Answer: (a) lichens tracing the presence of pollution

Q.Which commonly known as ‘Peat moss’ or ‘Bog moss’?

(a) Selaginella

(b) Equisetum

(c) Laminaria

(d) Sphagnum

Correct Answer: (c) Laminaria

Q.Which is commonly known as ‘Liverwort’?

(a) Funaria

(b) Marchantia

(c) Anthoceros

(d) Sphagnum

Correct Answer: (b) Marchantia

Q.Sporophyte is dependent on gametophyte in

(a) bryophytes

(b) gymnosperms

(c) angiosperms

(d) pteridophytes

Correct Answer: (a) bryophytes

Q.The rhizophore is not a true root because it is

(a) endogenous

(b) exogenous

(c) mesogenous

(d) endarch

Correct Answer: (b) exogenous

Q.Seed habit first originated in

(a) certain pteridophytes

(b) certain pines

(c) certain monocots

(d) certain dicots

Correct Answer: (a) certain pteridophytes

Q.Which of the following plants exhibit independent alternation of generation?

(a) Angiosperms

(b) Gymnosperms

(c) Pteridophytes

(d) Bryophytes

Correct Answer: (c) Pteridophytes

Q. ‘Maiden hair fern’ is

(a) Dryopteris

(b) Azolla

(c) Adiantum

(d) Pteris

Correct Answer: (c) Adiantum

Q.Sporocarp is a reproductive structure of

(a) some algae

(b) some aquatic ferns having sori

(c) angiosperms having spores

(d) bryophytes

Correct Answer: (b) some aquatic ferns having sori

Q.Prothallus means

(a) Immature gametophyte

(b) Immature sporophyte

(c) Immature archegonium

(d) None of these

Correct Answer: (d) None of these

Q.Fruits are not formed in Gymnosperms because of

(a) absence of pollination

(b) absence of seed

(c) absence of fertilization

(d) absence of ovary

Correct Answer: (d) absence of ovary

Q. Gymnosperms, seeds are said to be naked because they

(a) do not have ovule

(b) do not have an ovary

(c) do not contain endosperm

(d) do not contain starch

Correct Answer: (b) do not have an ovary

Q.The embryo sac in an angiosperm is a

(a) megasporangium

(b) megaspore mother cell

(c) megagametophyte

(d) megaspore

Correct Answer: (c) megagametophyte

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