Atlas mountain range is the only mountain range in Africa. It is to the north. Sahara, Namib, Lubian, Libyan, and the Kalahari Deserts are present in Africa. Chad, Sudan, and Congo basins are present in the central region.
It lies mostly in the northern hemisphere. But only the continent through which both the tropic lines and the equator pass through.
Rivers and Lakes
The Nile River is the longest river. It is the lifeline of Egypt. The Nile originates at Lake Victoria and empties into the Mediterranean sea.
Lake Victoria is at the border of Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania.
Lake Tanganyika is between Congo, Zambia, Burundi, and Tanzania and Lake Malawi is between Malawi, Tanzania, and Mozambique.
Lake Victoria is the second-largest freshwater lake in the world by area. It is the largest tropical lake in the world.
Lake Tanganyika is the world’s second-largest freshwater lake by volume and depth. It is the world’s longest freshwater lake.
Collectively, they contain about 25% of the planet’s unfrozen surface freshwater.
Islands between Africa and Latin America are all British overseas territories.
Cultivable lands are three times more than those currently under cultivation.
Low productivity and subsistence farming go on in Africa and most of the land is un-irrigated.
Also, there is low access to fertilizer and no awareness of soil conservation. Cocoa is the most exported agro product comprising 70% of total exports.
The central African region has 50% of the water resources but only 20% of the population.
Foreign investment led to the expulsion of local people. There were instances of land grabbing.