“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library

Who’s who First in India?

First in India: Administration & Govt. Service

  • First President of India – Dr Rajendra Prasad
  • First Prime Minister of India – Jawaharlal Nehru
  • First Governor of Bengal – Lord Clive
  • First Vice President of India – Dr S Radhakrishnan
  • First Muslim President of Indian Republic – Dr Zakir Hussain
  • First Governor General of Bengal – Warren Hastings
  • First Governor General of India – Lord William Bentic
  • First Viceroy of India – Lord Caning
  • First President of Indian National Congress – W C Banerjee
  • First Governor General of Independent India – C Rajgopalachari
  • First Indian to pass ICS – Surendra Nath Banerjee
  • First Indian ICS Officer – Satyendra Nath Tagore
  • First Governor General of India (after Independence) – Lord Louis Mountbatten
  • First temporary President of Constituent Assembly – Dr Sachchida Nand Sinha
  • First Indian Judge to International court of Justice – Dr Nagendra Singh
  • First speaker of Lok Sabha – G V Mavlankar
  • India’s first Lok Sabha member to win from record no. of votes – PV Narsimha Rao
  • India’s first minister to resign from Union Cabinet – Shyama Prasad Mukherjee
  • India’s first Election commissioner – Sukumar Sen
  • First Muslim president of Indian National Congress – Badruddin Tayab ji
  • First Chief Justice of India – Justice Hiralal J Kania
  • First Deputy Prime Minister of India – Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
  • First Indian Prime Minister to resign from office – Morarji Desai
  • First Indian Prime Minister to loose an election – Indira Gandhi
  • First President of India to die in office – Dr Zakir Hussain
  • First Education Minister – Abul Kalam Azad
  • First Home Minister of India – Sardar Vallabha Bhai Patel
  • First Woman Speaker of Lok Sabha – Meira Kumar (2009)
  • First Indian Woman President of INC – Sarojini Naidu
  • India’s First Woman President – Pratiba Patil
  • India’s First Woman Prime Minister – Indira Gandhi
  • India’s First Woman Governor – Sarojini Naidu
  • India’s First Woman IPS Officer – Kiran Bedi
  • First Woman Chief Minister of State – Sucheta Kripalani
  • First Woman Union Minister – Rajkumari Amrita Kaur
  • First Woman President of INC – Annie Besant
  • First Woman Judge of Supreme Court – Meera Sahib Fatima Bibi
  • First Indian Woman Ambassador at UN – Vijalakshmi Pandit

First in India: Defence

  • First Commander in Chief of Free India – General K M Cariappa
  • First Chief of Air Staff – Sir Thomas Almhirst
  • First Indian Chief of Air Staff – Air Marshal Subroto Mukherjee
  • First Chief of Army Staff – Gen M Rajendra Singh
  • First Chief of Naval Staff – Vice Admiral R D Katari
  • First Field Marshal – Gen S F J Manekshaw
  • First female jawan in the Army – Sapper Shanti Tigga
  • First Atomic Submarine of India – INS Chakra
  • First Indian Submarine – INS Kalvari
  • First Aircraft carrier Indian Warship – INS Vikrant
  • First Indian missile – Prithvi
  • First medium range missile – Agni
  • First Army Institute of Information technology founded at – Hyderabad
  • First Chief of Defence Staff of India – Bipin Rawat

First in India: Science & Technology

  • First Indian Cosmonaut to go in space – Sqn. Ldr. Rakesh Sharma
  • First Large scale Atomic Reactor of India – Apsara
  • First person to make Printing Press popular in India – James Hicky
  • India’s First Nuclear centre – Tarapur
  • First test tube baby of India – Indira (Baby Harsha)
  • First Indian Pilot – JRD Tata (in 1929)
  • First Indian space Tourist – Santosh George
  • First Indian Woman to climb Mt Everest – Bachendri Pal
  • First Indian Woman Airline Pilot – Durga Banerjee
  • First Indian Woman to go to space – Kalpana Chawla
  • First Indian Woman to climb Mt Everest twice – Santhosh Yadhav

First in India: Cabinet Ministers

  • First Health Minister of free India – Rajkumari Amrit Kaur
  • First woman Cabinet minister of India – Rajkumari Amrit Kaur
  • First Defence Minister of free India – Baldev Singh
  • First Education minister of free India – Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
  • First Home minister of free India – Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
  • First Finance Minister of free India – R K Shanmukhan Chetty
  • First Law minister of free India – B R Ambedkar
  • First Commerce minister of free India – C H Bhabha

 First in India: 

Prestigious Awards

  • First in India to get Bharat Ratna – Dr S. RadhaKrishnan, C Rajgopalachari, C V Raman
  • First in India to nominate himself for Bharat Ratna Award – Jawaharlal Nehru
  • First in India to win Stalin award – Saifffudin Kichlu
  • First in India to win Magsaysay award – Acharya Vinoba Bhave
  •  First foreigner recipient of Bharat Ratna – Khan Abdul Gaffer Khan
  • First in India to get Jnanpeeth Award – G Shankar Kurup
  • First in India to get Paramvir Chakra – Major Somnath Sharma
  • First Indian author to get Anderson Award – Ruskin Bond
  • First Recipient of Dadasaheb Phalke Award – Devika Rani in 1969
  • First and only Indian to win Nishan-e-Pakistan (highest civilian award of Pakistan) – Morarji Desai in 1990
  • First Woman to get Ashok Chakra – Nirja Bhanot
  • First Indian Woman to get Nobel Prize – Mother Teresa
  • First Indian Woman to get Bharat Ratna – Indira Gandhi
  • First Indian Woman to get Jnanpith Award – Ashapurna Devi
  • First Woman Musician to get Bharat Ratna – MS Subbalakshmi

Noble Awards

  • First in India (was first Asian also) to get Nobel Prize – Rabindra Nath Tagore in year 1913 for literature.
  • First Indian Scientist to get Noble Prize- C V Raman
  • First scientist of Indian origin to win Noble prize in Physics – S. Chandrashekhar
  • First Scientist of Indian origin to get Noble prize in field of Medical Science – Dr Hargovind Khurana
  • First Indian to win Noble Peace Prize – Mother Teresa in 1979 (Indian citizen but of Albanian origin)
  • First Indian born to win Noble Peace Prize – Kailash Satyarthi in 2014
  • First and only Indian to win Noble in Economics – Amartya Sen

First in India: Movies

  • First Indian movie – Raja Harischandra by Dadasaheb Falke in 1913 (This was silent movie)
  • First Indian movie with sound – Alam Ara by Ardshir Irani in year 1931
  • First color movie – Kisan Kanya by Ardshir Irani in year 1937

First in India: Oscar Awards

  • First in India ever to be nominated at Oscars – Mehboob Khan for film Mother India in 1958.
  • First Indian recipient of Oscar Awards – Bhanu Athaiya (Best Costume design for Film Gandhi in 1983)
  • First Indian to win Oscar for lifetime achievement – Satyajit Ray
  • First in India to win Oscar for Sound Mixing – Resul Pookutty for film Slumdog Millionaire in year 2009
  • First in India to win Oscar for Best original music score – A R Rahman for Slumdog Millionaire
  • First in India to win Oscar for Best original Song – A R Rahman and Gulzar shared for Slumdog Millionaire

First in India: Beauty Contests

  • First Mr. Universe of India – Manohar Aich in year 1952
  • First Mr. International – Aryan Vaid in year 2000
  • First Indian Woman to become Miss World – Miss Reita Faria
  • First Indian Woman to become Miss Universe – Susmita Sen

First in India: Sports

India at Olympics

  • First in India to win individual Olympic medal – K D Jadhav (won bronze medal in 1952 at Helsinki Olympics)
  • First India athlete (British Origin) to participate and win Olympic medal – Norman Pritchard (represented India and Asia for first time in 1900  Paris Olympics and won 2 silver medals)
  • First in India to win medal in shooting at Olympics – Rajyawardhan Singh Rathod, at 2004 Athens Olympic
  • First in India to win individual Gold medal at Olympics – Abhinav Bindra, in shooting in 2008 Beijing Olympics
  • First in India to win medal in Tennis at Olympics – Leander Paes, Bronze in 1996 at Atlanta Olympics
  • First Indian woman to win Olympic medal – Karnam Malleswari, Bronze in Weightlifting in 2000 Sydney Olympic
  • First Indian to win medal in Boxing – Vijender Singh, Bronze in 2008 Beijing Olympic
  • First Indian to win medal in wrestling at Olympics – Sushil Kumar, in 2008 Beijing Olympics

India at Cricket

  • First Captain in Tests – K. Nayudu for the 1932 tour of England.
  • First Batsman to complete 10,000 runs in ODIs – Sachin Tendulkar (he was the first in the World to achieve this feat)
  • First Batsman to complete 10,000 runs in Tests – Sunil Gavaskar (he was the first in the World to achieve this feat)
  • First batsman to score 50 centuries in Test Cricket – Sachin Tendulkar
  • First bowler to take all 10 wickets in an innings – Anil Kumble (against Pakistan)
  • First Cricket Club in India – Kolkata (1792) Calcutta cricket club
  • First Cricket Stadium – Eden Gardens in Kolkata
  • First Cricket tournament – The Bombay Triangular (1905–1911) which later became the Bombay Quadrangular (1912–1936)
  • First Cricketer to score 100 centuries in Test and ODIs combined – Sachin Tendulkar (he was the first in the World to achieve this feat)
  • First Cricketer to score a century in a Test match – Lala Amarnath, 118 against England in December 1933 at Bombay Gymkhana grounds.
  • First Cricketer to score a double century in a Test match – Polly Umrigar, 223 against New Zealand at Hyderabad in 1955-56
  • First Cricketer to score a triple century in a Test match – Virender Sehwag, 309 against Pakistan in Multan in 2004.
  • First Fastest Fifty in a T20 – 50 runs of 12 balls by Yuvraj Singh (vs England in the Inaugural World T20 Championship held in South Africa, 2007)
  • First Hat-trick in an ODI – Chetan Sharma against New Zealand in 1987.
  • First Indian Captain and the third in history to have led his team to victory after being enforced to follow on – Sourav Ganguly
  • First Indian Captain to win more than 21 test matches as a captain – Mahendra Singh Dhoni
  • First Indian to score a T20 century – Suresh Raina vs South Africa.
  • First Indian to score an ODI century – Kapil Dev, 175* against Zimbabwe in the 1983 Cricket World Cup.
  • First Indian to score an ODI double century – Sachin Tendulkar, 200* against South Africa at Gwalior, 24 February 2010 (he was the first in the World to achieve this feat).
  • First Indian to score the highest runs in a World Cup – Sourav Ganguly 183 runs V/S Sri Lanka in 1999 World Cup Cricket.
  • First Indian to score two ODI double centuries and the highest individual runs in ODI – Rohit sharma, 264 against Sri Lanka in 2014.
  • First Nation to win a World Cup Finale on its home ground – India (ICC 2011 Cricket World Cup) Final held at Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai.
  • First ODI captain – Ajit Wadekar
  • First Six sixes in an Over – Yuvraj Singh in a T20 match vs England
  • First Test match – Against England at Lord’s, 25 June 1932
  • First test match played in India – India v/s England in Eden Gardens,(Calcutta) (result draw) (5-8 Jan 1934)
  • First Test Victory – Against England At Madras
  • First Winner of the first T20 World Cup – India (in 2007) against Pakistan.
  • First woman to score a double hundred in Test cricket – Mithali Raj [214* against New Zealand at Wellington, 2004]
  • First World Cup – At the 1983 World Cup when India beat West Indies in the Finals Under the captaincy of Kapil Dev
  • First World Cup Runners up captain – Sourav Ganguly (2003)

India at Chess

  • First Grandmaster of India and also the winner of FIDE world Chess championship – Vishwanathan Anand
  • Youngest Indian to become Grandmaster – Parimarjan Negi
  • India’s first woman to become Grandmaster – Koneru Humpy
  • India’s youngest woman to become Grandmaster – Koenru Humpy (at age 15 years of Age)

India at Tennis

  • First Indian to win Grand Slam Title – Mahesh Bhupati (in mixed doubles partnering with Rika Hiraki) in 1997 French Open
  • First Indian woman to win Grand Slam – Sania Mirza (in Mixed Doubles partnering Mahesh Bhupati) in 2009 Australian Open
  • First Indian to win Junior Grand Slam Title – Ramanathan Krishnan, won Wimbledon in year 1954
  • First Indian to win Junior French Open – Ramesh Krishnan, won both French and Wimbledon in 1979
  • First Indian to win Junior Australian Open – Yuki Bhambri in year 2009
  • First Indian woman to win Junior Grand Slam Title – Sania Mirza (in doubles partnering Alisa Kleybanova) in 2003 Wimbledon
  • First Indian to win Palk Strait Ocean swimming contest – Baidyanath Nath
  • First Indian to swim across English Channel – Mihir Sen
  • First Indian to climb Mount Everest without oxygen cylinder – Sherpa Phu Dorji
  • First Asian games organised at – Delhi (in 1951)
  • First Indian to reach Antarctica – Lt Ram Charan (in 1960)
  • First man to climb Mount Everest twice – Nawang Gombu
  • First in India to reach North Pole – Sq Ldr Sanjay Thapar
  • First Indian to reach South Pole – Col. J K Bajaj
  • First Indian to win World Billiards Trophy – Wilson Jones
  • First Indian Woman to win WTA Title – Sania Mirza
  • First Indian woman who reached Antarctica – Mahel Musa
  • First Indian Woman to swim across English Channel – Arati Saha

First in India: Visitors & Travelers

  • First foreign visitor to India – Megasthenses (Greek who visited Chandragupta Maurya Court in 305 BC)
  • First Chinese pilgrim to visit India – Fa-hein in year 399 AD
  • First Muslim visitor/traveler to India – Al Beruni in year 1000 AD
  • First European to visit India – Morcopolo (Italian) in 1288 AD
  • First Moroccan to visit India – Ibn Batuta in 1333 AD
  • First Russian to visit India – Afanasy Nikitin in 1469 AD
  • First Portuguese to visit India – Domingo Paes in 1520 AD
  • First British to visit India – William Hawkins in 1609 AD
  • First American President to visit India – Dwight David Eisenhower
  • First British Prime Minister to visit India – Harold McMillan

First in India: Places

  • First district with 100 % literacy – Ernakulam district in Kerala, in 1990
  • First city with 100 % literacy – Kottayam, Kerala in 1989
  • First district to be Polio free – Pathanamthitta, Kerala
  • First district to become “total electrified” – Palakkad, Kerala in 2011

First in India: Others

  • First e-business newspaper of India – Financial Express
  • India’s first open University Andhra Pradesh Open University
  • India’s first University – Nalanda University
  • First post office in India – Kolkata (in 1727)
  • First central PSU to be privatized – Modern Food Industries in year 2000

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