“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library


The Magna Carta, Latin for “Great Charter,” is one of the most significant documents in English legal history. It was originally issued by King John of England in 1215 under pressure from his barons and lords. The Magna Carta was essentially a peace treaty between the king and his subjects, aimed at addressing grievances and limiting the monarch’s power.

Key provisions of the Magna Carta included:

1. Protection of feudal rights**: The Magna Carta sought to protect the feudal rights and privileges of the barons and nobles, ensuring that the king could not arbitrarily seize their lands or impose excessive taxes.

2. Due process of law**: It established the principle that no free man could be imprisoned, exiled, or deprived of property except by the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land.

3. Trial by jury**: The Magna Carta laid the groundwork for the development of the modern system of trial by jury, guaranteeing that justice would not be administered arbitrarily by the king’s officials.

4. Limits on royal power**: It asserted that the king was subject to the law and could not act above it, establishing the principle of constitutional monarchy.

While the original Magna Carta was annulled by Pope Innocent III shortly after its issuance, subsequent versions were reissued by later English kings, with alterations and revisions. Over time, the principles enshrined in the Magna Carta became fundamental to English constitutional law and served as a cornerstone for the development of democratic governance and the rule of law in England and beyond. The Magna Carta’s influence can be seen in many modern legal documents and constitutional frameworks around the world.

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