# “The Knowledge Library”

#### Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

##### An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.
18/04/2024 11:07 PM

# “The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

# “The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….

# The Knowledge Library

### WHAT IS THE METRIC SYSTEM?

The metric system is an internationally adopted decimal system of measurement that is used for expressing units of length, mass, volume, and other physical quantities. It is based on a set of standard units and prefixes, which allows for easy conversion between different units and simplifies mathematical calculations.

Key features of the metric system include:

1. **Base units**: The metric system has seven base units, which serve as the foundation for measuring different physical quantities:
– Length: meter (m)
– Mass: kilogram (kg)
– Time: second (s)
– Electric current: ampere (A)
– Temperature: kelvin (K)
– Amount of substance: mole (mol)
– Luminous intensity: candela (cd)

2. **Decimal multiples and submultiples**: The metric system uses a series of prefixes to denote multiples and submultiples of each base unit. These prefixes are powers of 10 and include:
– Kilo- (k): 10^3 (1,000)
– Hecto- (h): 10^2 (100)
– Deca- (da): 10^1 (10)
– Deci- (d): 10^-1 (0.1)
– Centi- (c): 10^-2 (0.01)
– Milli- (m): 10^-3 (0.001)
– Micro- (μ): 10^-6 (0.000001)
– Nano- (n): 10^-9 (0.000000001)
– And many others

3. **Consistency and simplicity**: The metric system is designed to be consistent and easy to use, with units that are related to each other by factors of 10. This makes conversions between different units straightforward and simplifies mathematical calculations.

4. **Universal adoption**: The metric system is widely adopted around the world and is used by most countries as the standard system of measurement. It is favored for its simplicity, ease of use, and compatibility with scientific and technical applications.

Overall, the metric system provides a standardized and efficient means of expressing measurements across different fields of science, industry, and commerce. Its widespread adoption facilitates communication and collaboration on a global scale and helps ensure consistency and accuracy in measurement practices.