“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library

SOME IMPORTANT POINTS – BIOLOGY

👉 Histamine, stimulates the secretion of pepsin.

👉. Histamine is a potent vasodilator . lt contracts the smooth muscles in the bronchi.

👉. Synthetic drugs brompheniramine ( Dimetapp) & terfenadine ( Seldane), act as antihistamines.

👉. Antiallergic & antacid drugs work on different receptors.

👉. Tranquilizers & analgesics are neurologically active drugs.

👉. Noradrenaline plays a role in mood changes.

👉. Chlordiazepoxide & meprobamate, are suitable for relieving tension.

👉. Equanil is used in controlling depression & hypertension.

👉. Barbiturates are hypnotic.

👉. Analgesics reduce or abolish pain.

👉. Aspirin & paracetamol are non – narcotic analgesics.

👉. Aspirin inhibits the synthesis of prostaglandins. Its use in the prevention of heart attacks

👉. Morphine is a narcotic analgesic.

👉. The first effective anti-bacterial agent is prontosil.

👉. Antibiotics have either cidal effect or a static effect on microbes.

👉. Penicillin G has a narrow spectrum.

👉. Ampicillin & Amoxicillin are synthetic modifications of penicillins.

👉. In India, penicillin is manufactured at the Hindustan Antibiotics in Pimpri & in the private sector industry.

👉. Chloramphenicol, Vancomycin. & Ofloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic.

👉.Antiseptics ( either kill or prevent the growth of microorganisms).

👉..Dettol is a mixture of chloroxylenol & terpineol.

👉. Iodine is a powerful antiseptic

👉. 0.2% solution of phenol is an antiseptic while its 1% solution is disinfectant.

👉. Norethindrone is a synthetic progesterone derivative drug.

👉. The estrogen derivative drug is ethynylestradiol

👉. Aspartame is the most
successful artificial sweetener.

👉.Alitame is a high potency sweetener, although it is more stable than aspartame.

👉. Sucralose is a trichloro derivative of sucrose. It does not provide calories.

👉. The two most familiar antioxidants are butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) & butylated hydroxyanisole(BHA).

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KAUSIK CHAKRABORTY

KAUSIK CHAKRABORTY

Founder Director

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