👉 Histamine, stimulates the secretion of pepsin.
👉. Histamine is a potent vasodilator . lt contracts the smooth muscles in the bronchi.
👉. Synthetic drugs brompheniramine ( Dimetapp) & terfenadine ( Seldane), act as antihistamines.
👉. Antiallergic & antacid drugs work on different receptors.
👉. Tranquilizers & analgesics are neurologically active drugs.
👉. Noradrenaline plays a role in mood changes.
👉. Chlordiazepoxide & meprobamate, are suitable for relieving tension.
👉. Equanil is used in controlling depression & hypertension.
👉. Barbiturates are hypnotic.
👉. Analgesics reduce or abolish pain.
👉. Aspirin & paracetamol are non – narcotic analgesics.
👉. Aspirin inhibits the synthesis of prostaglandins. Its use in the prevention of heart attacks
👉. Morphine is a narcotic analgesic.
👉. The first effective anti-bacterial agent is prontosil.
👉. Antibiotics have either cidal effect or a static effect on microbes.
👉. Penicillin G has a narrow spectrum.
👉. Ampicillin & Amoxicillin are synthetic modifications of penicillins.
👉. In India, penicillin is manufactured at the Hindustan Antibiotics in Pimpri & in the private sector industry.
👉. Chloramphenicol, Vancomycin. & Ofloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic.
👉.Antiseptics ( either kill or prevent the growth of microorganisms).
👉..Dettol is a mixture of chloroxylenol & terpineol.
👉. Iodine is a powerful antiseptic
👉. 0.2% solution of phenol is an antiseptic while its 1% solution is disinfectant.
👉. Norethindrone is a synthetic progesterone derivative drug.
👉. The estrogen derivative drug is ethynylestradiol
👉. Aspartame is the most
successful artificial sweetener.
👉.Alitame is a high potency sweetener, although it is more stable than aspartame.
👉. Sucralose is a trichloro derivative of sucrose. It does not provide calories.
👉. The two most familiar antioxidants are butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) & butylated hydroxyanisole(BHA).