“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library


Mohenjo-daro is an ancient archaeological site located in the Sindh province of present-day Pakistan. It was one of the largest cities of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished around the Bronze Age from approximately 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE.

Here are some key points about Mohenjo-daro:

1. **Urban Planning**: Mohenjo-daro is renowned for its advanced urban planning and engineering. The city was built according to a grid layout, with well-planned streets and an intricate drainage system. The houses were made of baked brick and featured indoor plumbing with connected bathrooms and toilets.

2. **Artifacts and Artistry**: Excavations at Mohenjo-daro have unearthed a wealth of artifacts, including pottery, seals, jewelry, sculptures, and tools. The seals, in particular, are notable for their intricate carvings and script, which is yet to be fully deciphered.

3. **Great Bath**: One of the most iconic structures at Mohenjo-daro is the Great Bath, a large public bathing pool built with finely crafted bricks and lined with a waterproof material. It is believed to have had a religious or ritual significance and may have been used for purification ceremonies.

4. **Decline and Abandonment**: The exact reasons for the decline and abandonment of Mohenjo-daro and other Indus Valley Civilization sites are still debated among historians and archaeologists. Possible factors include environmental changes, such as shifting river courses or climate change, as well as social, economic, or political upheavals.

5. **UNESCO World Heritage Site**: Mohenjo-daro was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980 in recognition of its cultural significance and contribution to our understanding of ancient civilizations. However, the site faces ongoing challenges due to environmental degradation, including erosion and salinity, as well as inadequate conservation efforts.

Mohenjo-daro is a testament to the sophistication and complexity of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, which was one of the world’s earliest urban civilizations. Its ruins offer valuable insights into ancient urban life, technology, and culture, although many mysteries about the civilization and its decline still remain.

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