“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library

MCQS on Local Self Government in India

Which of the following is a characteristic of local self-government?

A) Centralized decision-making

B) Limited autonomy

C) Decentralized governance

D) Direct control by the state government

Answer: C) Decentralized governance

What is the main purpose of local self-government?

A) To increase central government power

B) To ensure local involvement in governance

C) To eliminate local government structures

D) To centralize administrative functions

Answer: B) To ensure local involvement in governance

Which Constitutional Amendment in India is associated with the establishment of Panchayati Raj Institutions?

A) 42nd Amendment

B) 61st Amendment

C) 73rd Amendment

D) 86th Amendment

Answer: C) 73rd Amendment

What is the role of a Gram Sabha in the Panchayati Raj system?

A) To enact laws for the state

B) To elect members of the Panchayat

C) To manage urban local bodies

D) To oversee the judiciary

Answer: B) To elect members of the Panchayat

Which of the following is a function of the Municipal Corporation?

A) Conducting national elections

B) Managing city infrastructure

C) Issuing driver’s licenses

D) Regulating inter-state trade

Answer: B) Managing city infrastructure

In India, the head of a Municipal Corporation is known as the:

A) Sarpanch

B) Collector

C) Mayor

D) President

Answer: C) Mayor

Which type of local self-government is primarily responsible for rural areas?

A) Municipal Corporation

B) Municipal Committee

C) Panchayati Raj Institutions

D) Town Area Committee

Answer: C) Panchayati Raj Institutions

The 74th Constitutional Amendment Act deals with:

A) Rural local governance

B) Urban local governance

C) Zonal Councils

D) Interstate Council

Answer: B) Urban local governance

A Block Development Officer (BDO) operates at which level of Panchayati Raj?

A) Village level

B) Block level

C) District level

D) State level

Answer: B) Block level

Which of the following is NOT a function of the Gram Panchayat?

A) Maintaining village roads

B) Conducting state elections

C) Implementing agricultural schemes

D) Maintaining sanitation

Answer: B) Conducting state elections

Who appoints the State Election Commission in India?

A) President of India

B) Governor of the state

C) Chief Minister of the state

D) Union Public Service Commission

Answer: B) Governor of the state

In which year was the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act enacted?

A) 1989

B) 1991

C) 1993

D) 1995

Answer: C) 1993

Which body is responsible for preparing the plans for economic development and social justice in a district?

A) Gram Panchayat

B) Zila Parishad

C) Nagar Palika

D) State Planning Board

Answer: B) Zila Parishad

Who is the head of a Panchayat Samiti?

A) Sarpanch

B) Mayor

C) Chairman

D) Collector

Answer: C) Chairman

Urban local bodies in India include:

A) Gram Sabha

B) Panchayat Samiti

C) Municipal Corporation

D) Zila Parishad

Answer: C) Municipal Corporation

What is the tenure of elected members of Panchayats according to the 73rd Amendment Act?

A) 2 years

B) 3 years

C) 4 years

D) 5 years

Answer: D) 5 years

Which of the following bodies has the power to levy taxes in a municipality?

A) State government

B) Central government

C) Municipal Corporation

D) Zila Parishad

Answer: C) Municipal Corporation

The Panchayati Raj system was first introduced in which Indian state?

A) Rajasthan

B) Gujarat

C) Maharashtra

D) Andhra Pradesh

Answer: A) Rajasthan

Who among the following has the authority to dissolve a Panchayat?

A) President of India

B) Governor of the state

C) Chief Minister

D) District Magistrate

Answer: B) Governor of the state

What is the primary source of income for Gram Panchayats?

A) Property tax

B) Grants-in-aid

C) State funds

D) Income tax

Answer: B) Grants-in-aid

Which schedule of the Indian Constitution contains the provisions for Panchayats?

A) Fifth Schedule

B) Sixth Schedule

C) Ninth Schedule

D) Eleventh Schedule

Answer: D) Eleventh Schedule

The Municipal Commissioner is:

A) An elected official

B) Appointed by the State Government

C) Appointed by the Central Government

D) Elected by the local residents

Answer: B) Appointed by the State Government

Which of the following is not a tier in the Panchayati Raj structure?

A) Gram Panchayat

B) Panchayat Samiti

C) Zila Parishad

D) Taluk Board

Answer: D) Taluk Board

What is the main function of the Ward Committees?

A) To collect taxes

B) To assist in urban planning and development

C) To manage rural development schemes

D) To oversee state policies

Answer: B) To assist in urban planning and development

Which body provides constitutional status to Municipalities in India?

A) 72nd Amendment Act

B) 73rd Amendment Act

C) 74th Amendment Act

D) 75th Amendment Act

Answer: C) 74th Amendment Act

What is the term used for the head of the Gram Panchayat?

A) Mayor

B) Mukhiya

C) Sarpanch

D) Chairman

Answer: C) Sarpanch

Which of the following is a key feature of local self-government?

A) Bureaucratic control

B) Centralized decision-making

C) Community participation

D) Political instability

Answer: C) Community participation

Which institution in India is responsible for the decentralization of power to local bodies?

A) Ministry of Home Affairs

B) Ministry of Finance

C) Ministry of Panchayati Raj

D) Ministry of External Affairs

Answer: C) Ministry of Panchayati Raj

How many tiers are there in the Panchayati Raj system?

A) One

B) Two

C) Three

D) Four

Answer: C) Three

In which year was the first Municipal Corporation in India established?

A) 1687

B) 1726

C) 1858

D) 1919

Answer: A) 1687 (Madras Municipal Corporation)

What is the primary legislative act governing urban local bodies in India?

A) The Panchayati Raj Act

B) The Municipalities Act

C) The Local Government Act

D) The Urban Development Act

Answer: B) The Municipalities Act

Which of the following is true about the reservation of seats in Panchayats?

A) There is no reservation policy

B) Seats are reserved for SC/ST and women

C) Only women have reserved seats

D) Only SC/ST have reserved seats

Answer: B) Seats are reserved for SC/ST and women

Which of the following is NOT a function of Urban Local Bodies?

A) Street lighting

B) Waste management

C) Primary health services

D) Defense services

Answer: D) Defense services

Who chairs the meetings of the Zila Parishad?

A) Sarpanch

B) Mayor

C) Chairman

D) District Collector

Answer: C) Chairman

What is the main objective of the Nagar Panchayat?

A) To manage large urban cities

B) To govern semi-urban areas

C) To oversee rural development

D) To implement central policies

Answer: B) To govern semi-urban areas

The concept of ‘local self-government’ is rooted in which type of governance?

A) Autocracy

B) Democracy

C) Oligarchy

D) Monarchy

Answer: B) Democracy

What is the tenure of the elected members of a Municipality?

A) 2 years

B) 3 years

C) 4 years

D) 5 years

Answer: D) 5 years

Who prepares the budget for a Municipal Corporation?

A) Mayor

B) Municipal Commissioner

C) State Government

D) Ward Councillors

Answer: B) Municipal Commissioner

Which committee recommended the establishment of Panchayati Raj Institutions in India?

A) Balwant Rai Mehta Committee

B) Ashok Mehta Committee

C) Sarkaria Commission

D) Rajamannar Committee

Answer: A) Balwant Rai Mehta Committee

What is the role of the District Planning Committee?

A) To manage national policies

B) To oversee rural development

C) To prepare development plans for the district

D) To manage defense services

Answer: C) To prepare development plans for the district

Questions 41-60

Which is the lowest level of Panchayati Raj Institutions?

A) Gram Panchayat

B) Panchayat Samiti

C) Zila Parishad

D) Taluk Board

Answer: A) Gram Panchayat

Which of the following is a primary source of revenue for Municipal Corporations?

A) Income tax

B) Property tax

C) Sales tax

D) Excise duty

Answer: B) Property tax

Who can vote in the elections for the Gram Panchayat?

A) Only male villagers

B) Only landowners

C) All residents of the village above 18 years of age

D) Only government employees

Answer: C) All residents of the village above 18 years of age

Which of the following bodies supervises the functions of Panchayats?

A) State Election Commission

B) Ministry of Home Affairs

C) District Collector

D) Lok Sabha

Answer: C) District Collector

What is the primary role of a Municipality?

A) To administer rural areas

B) To manage urban local governance

C) To oversee state policies

D) To conduct national elections

Answer: B) To manage urban local governance

The head of the Zila Parishad is elected by:

A) Gram Panchayat members

B) Panchayat Samiti members

C) Elected members of the Zila Parishad

D) State Government

Answer: C) Elected members of the Zila Parishad

Which article of the Indian Constitution mentions the establishment of Panchayats?

A) Article 40

B) Article 50

C) Article 60

D) Article 70

Answer: A) Article 40

What is the key difference between a Municipal Corporation and a Municipality?

A) Size of the population they govern

B) Their function

C) Their funding sources

D) Their tenure

Answer: A) Size of the population they govern

The ‘Ward’ in an urban local body context refers to:

A) A district subdivision

B) A rural administrative unit

C) An electoral division within a city

D) A legal jurisdiction area

Answer: C) An electoral division within a city

Who is responsible for the preparation and maintenance of records of births and deaths in a municipality?

A) Municipal Commissioner

B) Mayor

C) Health Officer

D) Registrar

Answer: D) Registrar

Which level of government is primarily responsible for local self-government in India?

A) Central Government

B) State Government

C) District Government

D) Local Government

Answer: B) State Government

The Gram Sabha consists of:

A) All adult members of a village

B) Elected members of the village

C) Government officials

D) Members appointed by the state government

Answer: A) All adult members of a village

Who conducts the elections for Panchayats and Municipalities?

A) Central Election Commission

B) State Election Commission

C) District Magistrate

D) State Government

Answer: B) State Election Commission

Which of the following is a non-statutory body?

A) Gram Panchayat

B) Zila Parishad

C) Ward Committee

D) Gram Sabha

Answer: C) Ward Committee

Which committee emphasized the need for the ‘bottom-up’ approach in planning?

A) Balwant Rai Mehta Committee

B) Ashok Mehta Committee

C) L.M. Singhvi Committee

D) Gadgil Committee

Answer: D) Gadgil Committee

The reservation of seats for women in Panchayats is mentioned in which article?

A) Article 243D

B) Article 243T

C) Article 243Q

D) Article 243G

Answer: A) Article 243D

Who is the chief executive officer of a Municipal Corporation?

A) Mayor

B) Deputy Mayor

C) Municipal Commissioner

D) Chief Minister

Answer: C) Municipal Commissioner

Which of the following bodies does NOT have any role in rural local governance?

A) Panchayat Samiti

B) Zila Parishad

C) Municipal Corporation

D) Gram Panchayat

Answer: C) Municipal Corporation

What is the minimum age required to be a member of the Gram Panchayat?

A) 18 years

B) 21 years

C) 25 years

D) 30 years

Answer: B) 21 years

Which of the following is NOT a function of the District Planning Committee?

A) Consolidating plans prepared by Panchayats and Municipalities

B) Monitoring the execution of development plans

C) Allocating funds for district-level projects

D) Conducting national census

Answer: D) Conducting national census

Who is the chairperson of the District Planning Committee?

A) District Collector

B) Mayor

C) Sarpanch

D) Chairman elected by the committee members

Answer: D) Chairman elected by the committee members

Which body acts as an advisory to the state government on matters of Panchayati Raj?

A) Gram Sabha

B) State Election Commission

C) District Magistrate

D) State Finance Commission

Answer: D) State Finance Commission

Which article provides for the audit of accounts of Panchayats?

A) Article 243J

B) Article 243K

C) Article 243L

D) Article 243M

Answer: A) Article 243J

What is the role of the Mayor in a Municipal Corporation?

A) Administrative head

B) Ceremonial head

C) Judicial head

D) Legislative head

Answer: B) Ceremonial head

Which body formulates policies for the development of urban areas?

A) Gram Sabha

B) Municipal Corporation

C) Panchayat Samiti

D) Zila Parishad

Answer: B) Municipal Corporation

Which level of Panchayati Raj is responsible for coordinating the activities of the Gram Panchayats in a block?

A) Gram Panchayat

B) Panchayat Samiti

C) Zila Parishad

D) Taluk Board

Answer: B) Panchayat Samiti

Who has the authority to inspect the accounts of a Municipal Corporation?

A) Mayor

B) Municipal Commissioner

C) State Government

D) Comptroller and Auditor General

Answer: D) Comptroller and Auditor General

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of local self-government?

A) Autonomy

B) Decentralization

C) Bureaucratic control

D) Community participation

Answer: C) Bureaucratic control

What is the role of a Block Development Officer (BDO)?

A) To manage city infrastructure

B) To oversee the implementation of development projects in a block

C) To conduct national elections

D) To administer law and order

Answer: B) To oversee the implementation of development projects in a block

The Urban Development Authority is responsible for:

A) Rural development

B) Urban planning and development

C) Conducting state elections

D) Managing agricultural schemes

Answer: B) Urban planning and development

Which of the following is true about the Gram Sabha?

A) It is an elected body

B) It consists of all registered voters in a village

C) It manages urban local governance

D) It is appointed by the state government

Answer: B) It consists of all registered voters in a village

Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the powers, authority, and responsibilities of Panchayats?

A) Article 243G

B) Article 243H

C) Article 243I

D) Article 243J

Answer: A) Article 243G

The Municipal Council is responsible for governing:

A) Large cities

B) Small towns

C) Villages

D) States

Answer: B) Small towns

Which level of Panchayati Raj is also known as the intermediary level?

A) Gram Panchayat

B) Panchayat Samiti

C) Zila Parishad

D) Taluk Board

Answer: B) Panchayat Samiti

Which body is responsible for the overall development of a district?

A) Gram Panchayat

B) Panchayat Samiti

C) Zila Parishad

D) Municipal Corporation

Answer: C) Zila Parishad

Who appoints the Chief Executive Officer of a Zila Parishad?

A) State Government

B) Central Government

C) Elected by the members

D) Appointed by the District Collector

Answer: A) State Government

Which article ensures the reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in Panchayats?

A) Article 243C

B) Article 243D

C) Article 243E

D) Article 243F

Answer: B) Article 243D

Which committee suggested the two-tier system of Panchayati Raj?

A) Balwant Rai Mehta Committee

B) Ashok Mehta Committee

C) Sarkaria Commission

D) L.M. Singhvi Committee

Answer: B) Ashok Mehta Committee

Which body is responsible for approving the budget of a Municipal Corporation?

A) State Government

B) Mayor

C) Municipal Corporation Council

D) Municipal Commissioner

Answer: C) Municipal Corporation Council

The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992, pertains to:

A) Municipalities

B) Urban Development Authorities

C) Panchayati Raj Institutions

D) State Government administration

Answer: C) Panchayati Raj Institutions

 

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