“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.
20/03/2023 7:09 PM

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library


Importance of Development Administration

It is administering and organizing public agencies such as to stimulate and facilitate defined programs of social, and economic progress with the purpose to make change attractive and possible.  It is an open system where links are present with experts, and grassroots, people rather than centralized structures. Development administration is more concerned with attitudes, and processes than structures and procedures.


  1. Administration of policies, programs, and projects to serve development purposes.
  2. Concerned with achieving national development.
  3. Tasks, processes of formulating and implementing [plans, policies, programs, projects] to achieve a mixture of goals, and objectives that are politically determined.
  4. Has two interrelated tasks – institution building and planning.
  5. Implementation of programs to bring about modernity, progress, and changes within the administrative systems which increase its capacity.
  6. Action and goal-oriented administration system. The process of guiding towards the achievement of political, economic, and social objectives.

Riggs: “The efforts to carry out programs designed to change the physical, human, cultural environment but also to enlarge the government capacity to engage in such programs”.

Development administration has two sides: Development of administration and administration of development. The administration can’t change unless the environment is changed and the environment can’t change unless the administration of programs is changed.

Riggs believed that Development administration is a process of increasing autonomy [discretion] of social systems made possible by rising levels of diffraction. Autonomy manifests itself in form of human societies capable of shaping their own physical, human, and cultural environment.

Characteristics of Development Administration

  1. Change orientation: Bring socio-economic change.
  2. Goal orientation: Achieve socio, economic, political, and cultural goals.
  3. Commitment: Have high morale, and motivation for people at work.
  4. Client orientation: Treat people as customers who demand service.
  5. Temporal: Complete tasks on time.
  6. Citizen participation
  7. Responsive: to citizen’s needs, demands
  8. Ecological: Interaction between bureaucracy and environment
  9. Innovative-ness: Continuously identify new strategies to help achieve development objectives with the greatest possible facilitation.


Development administration
Traditional administration
Change orientation status quo
dynamic, flexible rigid, hierarchical
goal, achievement economy, efficiency
complex, multiple objectives simple objectives
new tasks routine tasks
relies on planning not much
outward-looking inward-looking
time-bound no
scope of operation wide, size of organization large limited, size small
democratic and participative authoritative, directive
suitable for developing countries developed countries

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