“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library

Constitution of India: Questions and Answers -9

  1. Who was the first Indian member of the House of Lords? 

S.P. Sinha

  1. Which Prime Minister of India imposed President Rule more times? 

Indira Gandhi

  1. The famous painter who was en­trusted with the task of beauti­fying the original manuscript of the Constitution? 

Nandalal Bose

  1. The financial emergency is de­clared by the President on which ground? 

Credit/Goodwill is under threat

  1. The Constitutional Validity of the laws passed by the states and the parliament is decided by the Supreme Court 
  1. Article 148 of the Indian constitution deals with CAG 
  1. Article 112 – budget, Article 108 – Joint Sitting of Parliament,  Article 148 – Comptroller and Auditor General, Article 324 – Election Commission, Article 368 – Amendment of Constitution by  Parliament.
  1. Article 19(1) to ‘Freedom (a) is related to Speech and expression’. 
  1. Article 24 – Prohibits employment of children below the age of 14  years in any factory, mine or other hazardous activities. 
  1. Article 243 A deals with Grama Sabha. 
  1. Article 280 of the constitution deals with Finance Commission. It is a Constitutional body appointed by the President every five years. 
  1. Article 3 of the Indian Constitution deals with the formation of new states 
  1. Article 39 ( d) – Equal pay for equal work for men and women. 
  1. Article 47 – Prohibition of liquor 
  1. Article 48 -Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry 
  1. Article 48A of the constitution is based on the Wild Life Act of the country.
  1. At present, the Right to property is a legal right (Article 300A)
  1. B. Shankaranand was Chairman of the first JPC. 
  1. By the 42nd Constitutional  Amendment Act of 1976, a list of 10 Fundamental Duties was inserted into the Constitution. 
  1. Certiorari: It means ‘to be certified’ or ‘to be informed’. It is issued by the Supreme Court or High Courts to a lower court or a tribunal to transfer a case, pending before the latter, to the higher court for review. 
  1. Chairman of 14th Finance Commission (2015-2020) 

– Y.V.  Reddy.

  1. Chairman of the first Finance Commission 

– K.C. Neyogi (1951)

  1. Chairman of Union Public Service Commission 

– Deepak Gupta

  1. Chairperson of Kerala Women’s Commission 

– K.C. Rosakkutty

  1. Chairperson of National Commission for Women 

– Lalitha Kumaramangalam

  1. The cover page of the Indian constitution was designed by 

– Nandalal Bose

  1. Cyber laws are listed in the concurrent list.
  1. The dowry Prohibition Act was passed by the parliament in 1961.
  1. Dr B.R. Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee 
  1. The duration of zero hours in Lok Sabha is one hour. 
  1. Ex-officio chairman of NITI Aayog

– Prime Minister 

  1. ‘Father of Lok Sabha’ 

– G.V. Mavlankar 

  1. ‘Father of Rajya Sabha’ 

– Dr S.Radhakrishnan 

  1. First CAG of India 

– V. Narahari Rao 

  1. First Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha

– M.A. Ayyankar 

  1. First Finance Minister to present a budget in the Lok Sabha is C.D. Deshmukh in 1952.
  1. The first JPC was formed in 1987 to investigate Bofors Scandal. 
  1. First Voter of Independent India

– Shyam Saran Negi 

  1. First woman Advocate in India

– Cornelia Sorabji

  1. The first Budget of the Republic of India was presented by John Mathai on 28th February 1950.
  1. The First Deputy Prime Minister who resigned from the post 

– Morarji Desai 

  1. The first Labour minister of Independent India 

– Babu Jagjivan Ram 

  1. The first male member of the National Commission for women 

– Alok Rawat 

  1. The first non-parliament member to become the Prime Minister of India 

– P.V. Narasimha Rao 

  1. The first Non-Portfolio Minister of Independent India 

– N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar 

  1. The first person who addressed the constituent assembly was

Acharya J.B. Kripalani 

  1. The first President elected unopposed 

– Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy 

  1. The first President to cast his vote in the Assembly election 

– A.P.J. AbdulKalam 

  1. The first President to cast his vote in the Lok Sabha election 

– K.R. Narayanan 

  1. The first President to die in Harness 

– Zakir Hussain 

  1. The first president to use the pocket veto in India

– Gyani Zail Singh 

  1. The first Rajya Sabha member to become the Prime Minister of India 

– Indira Gandhi 

  1. The first recognised opposition leader in the Lok Sabha 

– Dr Ram Subhag Singh 

  1. The first recognised opposition leader in the Rajya Sabha 

– S.N. Mishra 

  1. The first speaker of Lok Sabha, who died in harness 

– G. V. Mavlankar 

  1. The four pillars of the Indian constitution 

– Election Commission, Supreme Court, CAG and Public Service Commission. 

  1. The Governor can grant pardon under Article 161 of the constitution, in all cases related to state law.
  1. The Lok Sabha Speaker who later became the President of India 

– Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy 

  1. The Malayalee who represented United Provinces in the Constituent 

Assembly was Dr John Mathai

  1. The nomination of a presidential candidate must be signed by 50 members as proposers and another 50 members as seconders.
  1. The only one person to get elected as President of India after counting second preferential votes 

– V.V.Giri 

  1. The only one person who held the post of the President, Vice President and the Chief Justice of India 

– M. Hidayattullah 

  1. The only one Vice President to die in harness 

– Krishan Kant (2002 July 27)

  1. The only Vice President who lost the presidential election 

– Bhairon Singh Shekhawat 

  1. The original constitution of India was handwritten by

– Prem Behari Narain Raizada

  1. The PAC examines the audit reports of the CAG.
  1. The Panchayati Raj System came into existence by the 73rd Constitutional Amendment. 
  1. The parliament is responsible to make changes in the name and boundaries of the states.
  1. The present Constitution consists of 448 Articles, 12 Schedules and 25 parts 
  1. The President can grant pardon, to a convicted person, under Article 72 of the constitution
  1. The President who translated Plato’s Republic into the Urdu language

– Zakir Hussian 

  1. The President who was elected with the least majority of votes 

– V.V. Giri 

  1. The Prime Minister who extended the term of the Lok Sabha from 5 years to 6 years 

– Indira Gandhi 

  1. The Prime Minister who reduced the voting age to 18 years 

– Rajiv Gandhi

  1. The pro-term speaker of Lok Sabha is appointed by 

– the President.

  1. The schedule of the constitution which deals with anti-defection law is X. 
  1. The second President to die in harness 

– Fakrudin Ali Ahmed 

  1. The sixth JPC was constituted in 2013 to inquire into the allegations in the acquisition of VVIP Helicopters by the ministry of defence from Agusta Westland.
  1. The state in which President’s rule was implemented the most number of times:


  1. The State which was under President’s rule for the longest duration 

– Punjab

  1. The Vice President can be removed by a resolution of the Rajya Sabha passed by an absolute majority and agreed to by the Lok Sabha.
  1. The word ‘Lokpal’ was coined by 

Dr L.M. Singvi (1963)

  1. The writ of Habeas Corpus is known as the protector of personal freedom. 
  1. The writ of Mandamus cannot be issued against a private individual. 
  1. There are 22 members in the PAC (15 from Lok Sabha and 7 from Rajya Sabha). 
  1. There were 17 women members in the constituent assembly 
  1. Total elected members in the constituent Assembly 296 
  1. Under Article 356, President can proclaim a State Emergency 
  1. Veto Power of the President (Article- 111) 
  2. ‘Without fear or favour’ is written by Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy
  1. World’s first solar-powered parliament – Pakistan’s Parliament
  1. Zero Hour starts immediately after the question hour and lasts until the agenda for the day is taken up. Usually, it is from 12 pm to 1 pm. Zero hours was introduced in India. 
  1. Borrowed Ideas
  2. Rights during Emergency – Germany
  3. Judicial Review – USA 
  4. Impeachment – USA 
  5. Functions of Vice President – USA 
  6. Nomination of members to the Rajya Sabha – Ireland
  7. Concurrent List – Ireland
  8. Joint sitting – Australia
  1. The first woman to be nominated to the Lok Sabha 

– Majorio Godfrey 

  1. First woman to be nominated to the Rajya Sabha 

– Rukmini Devi Arundale

  1. First women Speaker of Lok Sabha (15th Lok Sabha) 

– Meera Kumar

  1. Forty-second constitutional Amendment Act of 1976 is known as 

Mini – Constitution 

  1. Fundamental Duties are modelled on the erstwhile constitution of the USSR. It was inserted into the Indian Constitution on the recommendation of the Swaran Singh Committee. 
  1. Jayanthi Patnaik is the first Chairperson of NCW 
  1. Justice is the word that appears first in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution.
  1. Lame-duck-session is the last session of the existing Lok Sabha after a new Lok Sabha has been elected.
  1. Longest-serving Chief Election Commissioner of India 

– K. V.K. Sundaram

  1. Longest Serving Defence Minister of India 

– A.K. Antony

  1. Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan was founded in Rajasthan. It was founded by Aruna Roy along with Shankar Singh and Nikhil Dey.
  1. Morarji Desai is the finance minister who presented a maximum number of budgets (10 budgets) in the parliament.
  1. ‘My Presidential Years’ was written by R. Venkata Raman
  1. National Education Day is observed on the birthday of Moulana Abdul KalamAzad 
  1. National Flag is adopted on

– July 22, 1947 

  1. National Song is adopted on 

– January 24, 1950 

  1. National Voters day 

– January 25. 

  1. NHRC is established on 12th October 1993 under the provisions of the Protection of Human Rights Act 1993. 
  1. One more fundamental Duty was added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act 2002. Thus now there are 11 fundamental duties. 
  1. The organization of Village Panchayat is mentioned in Article 40. 
  1. P.C. Mahalanobis is called the father of Indian Budget. 
  2. Part IV (Articles 36 to 51) of the Constitution deals with the Directive Principle of state policy
  1. The preamble is called Heart and Soul of the constitution 

– Thakur Das Bhargav 

  1. The preamble is called an Identity Card

– N .A. Palkivala 

  1. The preamble is called Soul and key to the Constitution 

– Jawaharlal Nehru

  1. Promotion of International Peace and Security is entitled in Article 51. 
  1. The railway budget was separated from the General Budget on the recommendation of the Acworth Committee Report ( 1921) in 1924. 
  1. Rajya Sabha is constituted under Article 80 of the constitution 
  1. Right to constitutional remedies has been described by Dr Ambedkar as the ‘Heart and Soul’ of the Constitution. 
  1. Right to Education Act 2009 came into force on 1st April 2010 
  1. Right to Education became a Fundamental Right by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2002 (93rd Bill) 
  1. Right to Life and Personal Liberty (Article 21) 
  1. S.K. Dhar was the chairman of the Linguistic Provinces Commission appointed by the Govt. of India in 1948. 
  1. Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act was passed by the parliament in 1989 and it came into force on the 30th January 1990.
  1. Second women speaker of Lok Sabha 

– Sumitra Mahajan (16th Lok Sabha) 

  1. The story of My Life 

– Morarjee Desai 

  1. ‘Travelling Through Conflict’ -written by 

– Hamid Ansari 

  1. Telangana is the 29th State of India. It came into being on 2nd June 2014. 
  1. The preamble has been amended only once 
  1. Govt. of India Act, 1935 is known as the ‘Blueprint of Indian Constitution’ 
  1. The Article which deals with the universal adult franchise – Article 326
  1. The Chairman of the PAC is appointed by the speaker and he is invariably from Lok Sabha and from the opposition party.
  1. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court gets a monthly salary of one lakh (Salary of Judge, Supreme Court – 90,000/-)
  1. The concept of Lokpal was suggested by Ashoke Kumar Sen
  1. The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949 
  1. The death anniversary of B.R. Ambedkar is celebrated in India as ‘Mahaparinirvan Di was’ (6th December) 
  1. The demand for creating Ombudsman in India was initially put forward by K.M. Munshi (1960) 
  1. The election of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha is listed in Article 93.
  1. The first budget of free India was presented by R.K. Shanmukham Chetty on 26th November 1947 
  1. Joint Sitting (Article – 108) 
  2. Dowry Prohibition Bill – 1961
  3. Banking Service Commission (Repeal) Bill – 1978 
  4. POTA Bill (Prevention of Terrorism Act) – 2002 
  1. The demand for a constituent assembly was initiated by the Congress at the Faizpur session 
  1. Faizpur session of the Congress was in 1936
  1. Indian constitution is a combination of both rigidity and flexibility
  1. The constitution states India as a union of states
  1. The Councils Act 1861 is known as the prime charter of the Indian constitution
  1. The preamble of the Indian constitution is known as the soul of the Indian constitution
  1. K.C. Where called the Indian constitution as quasi-federal

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