- Who was the first Indian member of the House of Lords?
- Which Prime Minister of India imposed President Rule more times?
- The famous painter who was entrusted with the task of beautifying the original manuscript of the Constitution?
- The financial emergency is declared by the President on which ground?
Credit/Goodwill is under threat
- The Constitutional Validity of the laws passed by the states and the parliament is decided by the Supreme Court
- Article 148 of the Indian constitution deals with CAG
- Article 112 – budget, Article 108 – Joint Sitting of Parliament, Article 148 – Comptroller and Auditor General, Article 324 – Election Commission, Article 368 – Amendment of Constitution by Parliament.
- Article 19(1) to ‘Freedom (a) is related to Speech and expression’.
- Article 24 – Prohibits employment of children below the age of 14 years in any factory, mine or other hazardous activities.
- Article 243 A deals with Grama Sabha.
- Article 280 of the constitution deals with Finance Commission. It is a Constitutional body appointed by the President every five years.
- Article 3 of the Indian Constitution deals with the formation of new states
- Article 39 ( d) – Equal pay for equal work for men and women.
- Article 47 – Prohibition of liquor
- Article 48 -Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry
- Article 48A of the constitution is based on the Wild Life Act of the country.
- At present, the Right to property is a legal right (Article 300A)
- B. Shankaranand was Chairman of the first JPC.
- By the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976, a list of 10 Fundamental Duties was inserted into the Constitution.
- Certiorari: It means ‘to be certified’ or ‘to be informed’. It is issued by the Supreme Court or High Courts to a lower court or a tribunal to transfer a case, pending before the latter, to the higher court for review.
- Chairman of 14th Finance Commission (2015-2020)
– Y.V. Reddy.
- Chairman of the first Finance Commission
– K.C. Neyogi (1951)
- Chairman of Union Public Service Commission
– Deepak Gupta
- Chairperson of Kerala Women’s Commission
– K.C. Rosakkutty
- Chairperson of National Commission for Women
– Lalitha Kumaramangalam
- The cover page of the Indian constitution was designed by
– Nandalal Bose
- Cyber laws are listed in the concurrent list.
- The dowry Prohibition Act was passed by the parliament in 1961.
- Dr B.R. Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee
- The duration of zero hours in Lok Sabha is one hour.
- Ex-officio chairman of NITI Aayog
– Prime Minister
- ‘Father of Lok Sabha’
– G.V. Mavlankar
- ‘Father of Rajya Sabha’
– Dr S.Radhakrishnan
- First CAG of India
– V. Narahari Rao
- First Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha
– M.A. Ayyankar
- First Finance Minister to present a budget in the Lok Sabha is C.D. Deshmukh in 1952.
- The first JPC was formed in 1987 to investigate Bofors Scandal.
- First Voter of Independent India
– Shyam Saran Negi
- First woman Advocate in India
– Cornelia Sorabji
- The first Budget of the Republic of India was presented by John Mathai on 28th February 1950.
- The First Deputy Prime Minister who resigned from the post
– Morarji Desai
- The first Labour minister of Independent India
– Babu Jagjivan Ram
- The first male member of the National Commission for women
– Alok Rawat
- The first non-parliament member to become the Prime Minister of India
– P.V. Narasimha Rao
- The first Non-Portfolio Minister of Independent India
– N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar
- The first person who addressed the constituent assembly was
Acharya J.B. Kripalani
- The first President elected unopposed
– Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy
- The first President to cast his vote in the Assembly election
– A.P.J. AbdulKalam
- The first President to cast his vote in the Lok Sabha election
– K.R. Narayanan
- The first President to die in Harness
– Zakir Hussain
- The first president to use the pocket veto in India
– Gyani Zail Singh
- The first Rajya Sabha member to become the Prime Minister of India
– Indira Gandhi
- The first recognised opposition leader in the Lok Sabha
– Dr Ram Subhag Singh
- The first recognised opposition leader in the Rajya Sabha
– S.N. Mishra
- The first speaker of Lok Sabha, who died in harness
– G. V. Mavlankar
- The four pillars of the Indian constitution
– Election Commission, Supreme Court, CAG and Public Service Commission.
- The Governor can grant pardon under Article 161 of the constitution, in all cases related to state law.
- The Lok Sabha Speaker who later became the President of India
– Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy
- The Malayalee who represented United Provinces in the Constituent
Assembly was Dr John Mathai
- The nomination of a presidential candidate must be signed by 50 members as proposers and another 50 members as seconders.
- The only one person to get elected as President of India after counting second preferential votes
- The only one person who held the post of the President, Vice President and the Chief Justice of India
– M. Hidayattullah
- The only one Vice President to die in harness
– Krishan Kant (2002 July 27)
- The only Vice President who lost the presidential election
– Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
- The original constitution of India was handwritten by
– Prem Behari Narain Raizada
- The PAC examines the audit reports of the CAG.
- The Panchayati Raj System came into existence by the 73rd Constitutional Amendment.
- The parliament is responsible to make changes in the name and boundaries of the states.
- The present Constitution consists of 448 Articles, 12 Schedules and 25 parts
- The President can grant pardon, to a convicted person, under Article 72 of the constitution
- The President who translated Plato’s Republic into the Urdu language
– Zakir Hussian
- The President who was elected with the least majority of votes
– V.V. Giri
- The Prime Minister who extended the term of the Lok Sabha from 5 years to 6 years
– Indira Gandhi
- The Prime Minister who reduced the voting age to 18 years
– Rajiv Gandhi
- The pro-term speaker of Lok Sabha is appointed by
– the President.
- The schedule of the constitution which deals with anti-defection law is X.
- The second President to die in harness
– Fakrudin Ali Ahmed
- The sixth JPC was constituted in 2013 to inquire into the allegations in the acquisition of VVIP Helicopters by the ministry of defence from Agusta Westland.
- The state in which President’s rule was implemented the most number of times:
- The State which was under President’s rule for the longest duration
- The Vice President can be removed by a resolution of the Rajya Sabha passed by an absolute majority and agreed to by the Lok Sabha.
- The word ‘Lokpal’ was coined by
Dr L.M. Singvi (1963)
- The writ of Habeas Corpus is known as the protector of personal freedom.
- The writ of Mandamus cannot be issued against a private individual.
- There are 22 members in the PAC (15 from Lok Sabha and 7 from Rajya Sabha).
- There were 17 women members in the constituent assembly
- Total elected members in the constituent Assembly 296
- Under Article 356, President can proclaim a State Emergency
- Veto Power of the President (Article- 111)
- ‘Without fear or favour’ is written by Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy
- World’s first solar-powered parliament – Pakistan’s Parliament
- Zero Hour starts immediately after the question hour and lasts until the agenda for the day is taken up. Usually, it is from 12 pm to 1 pm. Zero hours was introduced in India.
- Borrowed Ideas
- Rights during Emergency – Germany
- Judicial Review – USA
- Impeachment – USA
- Functions of Vice President – USA
- Nomination of members to the Rajya Sabha – Ireland
- Concurrent List – Ireland
- Joint sitting – Australia
- The first woman to be nominated to the Lok Sabha
– Majorio Godfrey
- First woman to be nominated to the Rajya Sabha
– Rukmini Devi Arundale
- First women Speaker of Lok Sabha (15th Lok Sabha)
– Meera Kumar
- Forty-second constitutional Amendment Act of 1976 is known as
Mini – Constitution
- Fundamental Duties are modelled on the erstwhile constitution of the USSR. It was inserted into the Indian Constitution on the recommendation of the Swaran Singh Committee.
- Jayanthi Patnaik is the first Chairperson of NCW
- Justice is the word that appears first in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution.
- Lame-duck-session is the last session of the existing Lok Sabha after a new Lok Sabha has been elected.
- Longest-serving Chief Election Commissioner of India
– K. V.K. Sundaram
- Longest Serving Defence Minister of India
– A.K. Antony
- Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan was founded in Rajasthan. It was founded by Aruna Roy along with Shankar Singh and Nikhil Dey.
- Morarji Desai is the finance minister who presented a maximum number of budgets (10 budgets) in the parliament.
- ‘My Presidential Years’ was written by R. Venkata Raman
- National Education Day is observed on the birthday of Moulana Abdul KalamAzad
- National Flag is adopted on
– July 22, 1947
- National Song is adopted on
– January 24, 1950
- National Voters day
– January 25.
- NHRC is established on 12th October 1993 under the provisions of the Protection of Human Rights Act 1993.
- One more fundamental Duty was added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act 2002. Thus now there are 11 fundamental duties.
- The organization of Village Panchayat is mentioned in Article 40.
- P.C. Mahalanobis is called the father of Indian Budget.
- Part IV (Articles 36 to 51) of the Constitution deals with the Directive Principle of state policy
- The preamble is called Heart and Soul of the constitution
– Thakur Das Bhargav
- The preamble is called an Identity Card
– N .A. Palkivala
- The preamble is called Soul and key to the Constitution
– Jawaharlal Nehru
- Promotion of International Peace and Security is entitled in Article 51.
- The railway budget was separated from the General Budget on the recommendation of the Acworth Committee Report ( 1921) in 1924.
- Rajya Sabha is constituted under Article 80 of the constitution
- Right to constitutional remedies has been described by Dr Ambedkar as the ‘Heart and Soul’ of the Constitution.
- Right to Education Act 2009 came into force on 1st April 2010
- Right to Education became a Fundamental Right by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2002 (93rd Bill)
- Right to Life and Personal Liberty (Article 21)
- S.K. Dhar was the chairman of the Linguistic Provinces Commission appointed by the Govt. of India in 1948.
- Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act was passed by the parliament in 1989 and it came into force on the 30th January 1990.
- Second women speaker of Lok Sabha
– Sumitra Mahajan (16th Lok Sabha)
- The story of My Life
– Morarjee Desai
- ‘Travelling Through Conflict’ -written by
– Hamid Ansari
- Telangana is the 29th State of India. It came into being on 2nd June 2014.
- The preamble has been amended only once
- Govt. of India Act, 1935 is known as the ‘Blueprint of Indian Constitution’
- The Article which deals with the universal adult franchise – Article 326
- The Chairman of the PAC is appointed by the speaker and he is invariably from Lok Sabha and from the opposition party.
- The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court gets a monthly salary of one lakh (Salary of Judge, Supreme Court – 90,000/-)
- The concept of Lokpal was suggested by Ashoke Kumar Sen
- The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949
- The death anniversary of B.R. Ambedkar is celebrated in India as ‘Mahaparinirvan Di was’ (6th December)
- The demand for creating Ombudsman in India was initially put forward by K.M. Munshi (1960)
- The election of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha is listed in Article 93.
- The first budget of free India was presented by R.K. Shanmukham Chetty on 26th November 1947
- Joint Sitting (Article – 108)
- Dowry Prohibition Bill – 1961
- Banking Service Commission (Repeal) Bill – 1978
- POTA Bill (Prevention of Terrorism Act) – 2002
- The demand for a constituent assembly was initiated by the Congress at the Faizpur session
- Faizpur session of the Congress was in 1936
- Indian constitution is a combination of both rigidity and flexibility
- The constitution states India as a union of states
- The Councils Act 1861 is known as the prime charter of the Indian constitution
- The preamble of the Indian constitution is known as the soul of the Indian constitution
- K.C. Where called the Indian constitution as quasi-federal