“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library

Blood Test Abbreviations

Common Blood Test Abbreviations

This list of blood test abbreviations isn’t exhaustive, but it does cover the letters seen most commonly on laboratory or medical requisition forms. If you’re ever confused or concerned, it’s best to consult with your family physician or another suitable medical professional. The technicians at the medical lab can help too.

  • ALT – Alanine Transaminase (enzyme found in the liver and kidneys; part of a liver function test)
  • ANA – Antinuclear Antibody (test to confirm or rule out suspected autoimmune disorders)
  • AST – Alanine Aminotransferase (enzyme; use to screen and monitor liver disorders)
  • BAC – Blood Alcohol Concentration/Content (percentage of alcohol in blood; tests for intoxication level)
  • BMP – Basic Metabolic Panel (measures the balance of fluids and sugars along with kidney function )
  • BNP – Beta Natriuretic Peptide (testing for congestive heart failure)
  • BUN – Blood Urea Nitrogen (tests function of liver and kidneys)
  • CA – Calcium (measures blood calcium levels)
  • CBC – Complete Blood Count (test red and white blood cells for overall health and to detect abnormalities)
  • CK – Creatine Phosphokinase (test for muscle damage)
  • CR – Creatinine (part of kidney function test; measures waste in the blood)
  • ESR – Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (tests for inflammation)
  • Hct – Hematocrit (part of the standard CBC test; abnormals measurements can indicate disease)
  • Hgb – Hemoglobin (measures your hemoglobin levels, used for anemia diagnosis)
  • HDL/LDL – High-Density Lipoproteins/High-Density Lipoproteins (testing for “good” and “bad” cholesterol)
  • INR – International Normalized Ratio (measures rate of blood clotting; tests for blood disorders or to adjust blood thinning medications)
  • K – Potassium (a test for potassium levels; high or low levels can lead to serious problems)
  • Mg – Magnesium (testing for magnesium levels; certain levels needed for the body to function properly)
  • Na – Sodium (testing for sodium levels in the blood; necessary for proper nerve and body functions)
  • PSA – Prostate Specific Antigen (prostate cancer test)
  • PT – Prothrombin Time (test blood clotting along with INR or international normalized ratio; to access bleeding problems)
  • RBC – Red Blood Cell Count (part of the CBC test)
  • TPO – Thyroid Peroxidase Antibodies (test for antibodies to the thyroid, which suggests thyroid disease)
  • Trig – Triglycerides (a part of cholesterol test)
  • TSH – Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (measures the amount of thyroid-stimulating hormone in the blood)
  • WBC – White Blood Cell Count (part of the CBC test)

Blood Test Measurement Abbreviations

When you look at your blood work, you might see some abbreviations like “pg” or “mmol/L”. While confusing, these are abbreviations for the measurements for blood tests. Explore the various blood test measurement abbreviations.

  • CMM – Cells Per Cubic Millimeter
  • Da – Dalton
  • dL – Deciliter
  • fL – Femtoliter (Fraction of One-Millionth of a Liter)
  • g/dL – Grams Per Deciliter
  • IU/L – International Units Per Liter
  • kPa – kilopascal
  • mEq/L – Milliequivalent Per Liter
  • mg/dL – Milligrams Per Deciliter
  • mL – Milliliter
  • mmol/L – Millimoles Per Liter
  • ng/mL – Nanograms Per Milliliter
  • PG – Picograms (one trillionth of a gram)

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