“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library

Biodiversity MCQ Questions and Answers

Q.  Among the ecosystems listed below, where would one find the most biodiversity?

(a) Mangroves

(b) Desert

(c) Coral reefs

(d) Alpine meadows

Correct Answer: (c) Coral reefs

Q. Which forest is known as the ‘Lungs of the planet Earth’?

(a) Taiga forest

(b) Tundra forest

(c) Amazon rain forest

(d) Rainforests of North-East India

Correct Answer: (c) Amazon rain forest

Q. From where does the active chemical drug reserpine come?

(a) Datura

(b) Rauwolfia

(c) Atropa

(d) Papaver

Correct Answer: (b) Rauwolfia

Q. Which group has the greatest diversity of species?

(a) Angiosperms

(b) Algae

(c) Bryophytes

(d) Fungi

Correct Answer: (d) Fungi

Q. Which of the following regions exhibits the least seasonal variations?

(a) Tropics

(b) Temperates

(c) Alpines

(d) Both (a) and (b)

Correct Answer: (a) Tropics

Q. What is the name of the historic convention on biological diversity held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992?

(a) CITES Convention

(b) The Earth Summit

(c) G-16 Summit

(d) MAB Programme

Correct Answer: (b) The Earth Summit

Q. What is Antilopa carvicapra/Black Buck?

(a) Vulnerable

(b) Endangered

(c) Critically endangered

(d) Extinct in the wild

Correct Answer: (a) Vulnerable

Q. Where can you find alpha diversity?

(a) Within a community

(b) Between community

(c) Ranges of communities

(d) All of the above

Correct Answer: (a) Within a community

Q.What determines biodiversity?

(a) Number of individuals in an area

(b) Species richness

(c) Evenness

(d) Both (b) and (c)

Correct Answer: (d) Both (b) and (c)

Q. What is the cause of the extinction of numerous wild animals?

(a) Hunting

(b) Deforestation

(c) Overcrowding

(d) Scarcity of food

Correct Answer: (b) Deforestation

Q. Which of the following is an endangered species?

(a) Panthera leo perrica

(b) Python molurus

(c) Chelonia mydas

(d) Pallas Siberian crane

Correct Answer: (b) Python molurus

Q. What is the primary reason for the decrease in species diversity in tropical countries?

(a) Urbanisation

(b) Pollution

(c) Deforestation

(d) Soil erosion

Correct Answer: (c) Deforestation

Q. Which of the following animals is almost extinct in India?

(a) Wolf

(b) Rhinoceros

(c) Hippopotamus

(d) Cheetah

Correct Answer: (d) Cheetah

Q. Species whose populations have been severely depleted and their ultimate survival is uncertain are known as?

(a) Threatened species

(b) Endangered species

(c) Vulnerable species

(d) Rare species

Correct Answer: (b) Endangered species

Q. In India, which of the following species has become extinct?

(a) Lion

(b) Tiger

(c) Two horned Rhino

(d) Dodo

Correct Answer: (c) Two horned Rhino

Q. What is the greatest threat to global biodiversity?

(a) natural disasters such as storms.

(b) pollution

(c) overexploitation of natural resources.

(d) human alteration of habitats.

Correct Answer: (d) human alteration of habitats

Q. Does the illegal trade in wildlife products threaten any of the following?

(a) Nile perch

(b) Elephants

(c) Key deer

(d) Galapagos tortoises

Correct Answer: (b) Elephants

Q. Humans have altered _____ of Earth’s land surface.

(a) very little

(b) about 25%

(c) about 50%

(d) about 80%

Correct Answer: (c) about 50%

Q. Which endangered animal is the source of the world’s finest, lightest, warmest and most expensive wool-the shahtoosh?

(a) Nilgai

(b) Cheetal

(c) Kashmiri Goat

(d) Chiru

Correct Answer: (d) Chiru

Q.  Which of the following is considered a hot spot of biodiversity in India?

(a) Indo-Gangetic Plain

(b) the Eastern Ghats

(c) Aravalli Hills

(d) the Western Ghats

Correct Answer: (d) the Western Ghats

Q.  Diversity of habitat over the total landscape is called?

(a) b diversity

(b) g diversity (gamma)

(c) landscape diversity

(d) ecosystem diversity

Correct Answer: (b) g diversity (gamma)

Q. Reason for diversity in a living being is due to

(a) mutation

(b) gradual change

(c) long term evolutionary change

(d) short term evolutionary change

Correct Answer: (c) long term evolutionary change

Q. Taxa believed to be in danger of becoming endangered soon is called?

(a) extinct

(b) rare

(c) vulnerable

(d) out of danger

Correct Answer: (c) vulnerable

Q. Endemic plants are those that are

(a) Cosmopolitan in distribution

(b) Restricted to a certain area

(c) Found in the arctic region

(d) Gregarious inhabit

Correct Answer: (b) Restricted to a certain area

Q. Which of the following is an endangered species of Indian medicinal plants?

(a) Ocimum

(b) Garlic

(c) Nepenthes

(d) Podophyllum

Correct Answer: (d) Podophyllum

Q. What is the most biodiverse zone in India?

(a) Gangetic planes

(b) Trans Himalayas

(c) The Western Ghats

(d) Central India

Correct Answer: (c) The Western Ghats

Q. Loss and fragmentation of habitat, overexploitation, alien species invasion and co-extinction are causes for?

(a) Population explosion

(b) Migration

(c) Biodiversity loss

(d) Pollution

Correct Answer: (c) Biodiversity loss

Q. In a biosphere reserve, limited human activity is permitted in?

(a) Core zone

(b) Buffer zone

(c) Manipulation zone

(d) None of these

Correct Answer: (b) Buffer zone

Q. What is included in ecological diversity?

(a) Species diversity

(b) Genetic diversity

(c) Ecosystem diversity

(d) All of these

Correct Answer: (a) Species diversity

Q. Which of the following describes an area’s biodiversity?

(a) Gene

(b) Species

(c) Ecosystem

(d) All of these

Correct Answer: (b) Species

Q. Biodiversity is the study of diversity

(a) Below species level

(b) At the species level

(c) At the community level

(d) At all levels of biological organization

Correct Answer: (d) At all levels of biological organization

Q. How many plant species have been recorded from India?

(a) 30,000

(b) 45,000

(c) 70,000

(d) 90,000

Correct Answer: (b) 45,000

Q. The maximum number of species have extincted from?

(a) Islands

(b) Mainland

(c) Oceans

(d) Freshwater bodies

Correct Answer: (a) Islands

Q. When did the Convention on Biodiversity enter into force?

(a) 29 Dec. 1993

(b) 6 June 1992

(c) 3 October 1994

(d) 4 October 1993

Correct Answer: (a) 29 Dec. 1993

Q. Who coined the term hot spot for high diversity ecological regions?

(a) IUCN

(b) Myers

(c) Odum

(d) Kormandy

Correct Answer: (b) Myers

Q. What is conservation?

(a) Protection of natural resources

(b) Management of natural resources

(c) Proper use of natural resources

(d) All of the above

Correct Answer: (d) All of the above

Q. Where is Ranthambore National Park located?

(a) Maharashtra

(b) Rajasthan

(c) Gujarat

(d) U.P.

Correct Answer: (b) Rajasthan

Q. Which national park is associated with rhinoceros?

(a) Kaziranga

(b) Ranthambore

(c) Corbett

(d) Valley of Flowers

Correct Answer: (a) Kaziranga

Q. Find the correct match for the tiger reserve and its state

(a) Palamau-Orissa

(b) Bandipur-T.N.

(c) Manas – Assam

(d) Corbett – M.P.

Correct Answer: (a) Palamau-Orissa

Q. Where is the Sariska National Park located?

(a) Madhya Pradesh

(b) Assam

(c) Gujarat

(d) Rajasthan

Correct Answer: (d) Rajasthan

Q. Where is the Periyar National Park located?

(a) Karnataka

(b) Maharashtra

(c) Madhya Pradesh

(d) Kerala

Correct Answer: (d) Kerala

Q. Which Biosphere reserve is known as the Valley of Flowers?

(a) Nilgiri

(b) Sunderbans

(c) Uttarakhand

(d) Nokrek

Correct Answer: (a) Nilgiri

Q. Which is preserved in National Park?

(a) Flora

(b) Fauna

(c) Both (a) and (b)

(d) None of these

Correct Answer: (c) Both (a) and (b)

Q. What is the new approach to conservation?

(a) Sanctuaries

(b) Reserve forests

(c) National parks

(d) Biosphere reserves

Correct Answer: (d) Biosphere reserves

Q. Which of the following is an ex-situ conservation method for endangered species?

(a) Wildlife Sanctuaries

(b) Biosphere Reserves

(c) Cryopreservation

(d) National parks

Correct Answer: (c) Cryopreservation

Q. Which of the following is not done in a wildlife sanctuary?

(a) Fauna is conserved

(b) Flora is conserved

(c) Soil and flora is utilised

(d) Hunting is prohibited

Correct Answer: (c) Soil and flora is utilised

Q. What was the first national park established in India?

(a) Bandipur national park

(b) Corbett national park

(c) Kanha national park

(d) Periyar national park

Correct Answer: (b) Corbett national park

Q. Which of the following pairs is the correct match between wildlife and national parks?

(a) Rann of Kutch – Wild ass

(b) Gir forest – Tiger

(c) Manas – Elephant

(d) Corbett park – Asiatic lion

Correct Answer: (a) Rann of Kutch – Wild ass

Q. Where are the plant genes of endangered species stored?

(a) gene library

(b) gene bank

(c) herbarium

(d) None of these

Correct Answer: (b) gene bank

Q. Where are most biodiversity hot spots found?

(a) tropical forests

(b) mountainous regions

(c) dry shrublands (chaparral)

(d) wetlands

Correct Answer: (a) tropical forests

Q. Where is Idri idri, the largest living lemur, found?

(a) Sri Lanka

(b) Madagascar

(c) Mauritius

(d) India

Correct Answer: (b) Madagascar

Q. In recent years, which animal has gone extinct in India?

(a) Panthera leo

(b) Acinonyx jubatus

(c) Antilope cervicapra

(d) Rhinoceros unicornis

Correct Answer: (a) Panthera leo

Q. All of the following fields contribute to conservation biology except for?

(a) ecology

(b) evolutionary biology

(c) population genetics

(d) immunology

Correct Answer: (d) immunology

Q. What can a high density of a protected animal in a National Park cause?

(a) mutualism

(b) intraspecific competition

(c) emigration

(d) predation

Correct Answer: (b) intraspecific competition

Q. The Earth Summit in Rio-de-Janeiro was related to what?

(a) Soil fertility

(b) Survey of natural resources

(c) Conservation of environment

(d) Prevention of afforestation

Correct Answer: (c) Conservation of environment

Q. The Indian one-horned rhinoceros has a new home in which National Park?

(a) Dudhwa

(b) Jim Corbett

(c) Kanha

(d) Bandhavgarh

Correct Answer: (a) Dudhwa

Q. Which of the following is an in-situ conservation method?

(a) National park

(b) Botanical garden

(c) Tissue culture

(d) Genetic engineering

Correct Answer: (a) National park

Q. In which year was ‘Project Tiger’ in India started?

(a) 1970

(b) 1972

(c) 1981

(d) 1985

Correct Answer: (b) 1972

Q. When germplasm is preserved by cryopreservation; what temperature is maintained?

(a) – 196° F

(b) 0° F

(c) – 100° F

(d) None of these

Correct Answer: (d) None of these

Q. What is the status of the Red Panda according to the IUCN Red List?

(a) Critically endangered species

(b) Vulnerable species

(c) Extinct species

(d) Endangered species

Correct Answer: (d) Endangered species

Q. In what year did the Parliament of India pass the Biodiversity Act of India?

(a) 1992

(b) 1996

(c) 2000

(d) 2002

Correct Answer: (d) 2002

Q. Which of the following does not fall under in-situ conservation?

(a) Botanical garden

(b) Biosphere reserve

(c) National park

(d) Sanctuary

Correct Answer: (a) Botanical garden

Q. Which of the following animal and plant pairs represents an endangered organism in India?

(a) Tamarind and Rhesus monkey

(b) Cinchona and leopard

(c) Banyan and black buck

(d) Bentinckia nicobarica and Red Panda

Correct Answer: (d) Bentinckia nicobarica and Red Panda

Q. Quercus species are the dominant component in?

(a) Temperate deciduous forests

(b) Alpine forests

(c) Scrub forests

(d) Tropical rain forests

Correct Answer: (a) Temperate deciduous forests

Q. Which of the following has the most genetic diversity in India?

(a) Mango

(b) Wheat

(c) Tea

(d) Teak

Correct Answer: (b) Wheat

Q. Which of the following national parks does not have tigers as residents?

(a) Sunderbans

(b) Gir

(c) Jim Corbett

(d) Ranthambhor

Correct Answer: (b) Gir

Q. Which of the following is an example of ex-situ conservation?

(a) Wildlife sanctuary

(b) Seed bank

(c) Sacred groves

(d) National park

Correct Answer: (b) Seed bank

Q. Which of the following is the most genetically diverse in India?

(a) Groundnut

(b) Rice

(c) Maize

(d) Mango

Correct Answer: (b) Rice

Q. Among vertebrates, which group contains the most endangered species?

(a) Birds

(b) Mammals

(c) Fishes

(d) Reptiles

Correct Answer: (b) Mammals

Q.  Which of the following countries has the most biodiversity?

(a) Brazil

(b) South Africa

(c) Russia

(d) India

Correct Answer: (c) Russia

Q.  In the Indian context, which species is not an invasive alien species?

(a) Lantana

(b) Cynodon

(c) Parthenium

(d) Eichhornia

Correct Answer: (b) Cynodon

Q. Among the following, where can you find pitcher plants?

(a) Rain forest of North-East India

(b) Sunderbans

(c) Thar desert

(d) the Western Ghats

Correct Answer: (a) Rain forest of North-East India

Q. Which one of the following is not a feature of biodiversity hotspots?

(a) a Large number of species

(b) Abundance of endemic species

(c) Mostly located in the tropics

(d) Mostly located in the polar regions

Correct Answer: (d) Mostly located in the polar regions

Q. The one-horned rhinoceros lives only in which of the following sanctuaries?

(a) Bhitar Kanika

(b) Bandipur

(c) Kaziranga

(d) Corbett Park

Correct Answer: (c) Kaziranga

Q. Which of the following animal groups has the highest percentage of endangered species?

(a) Insects

(b) Mammals

(c) Amphibians

(d) Reptiles

Correct Answer: (c) Amphibians

Q. Which of the following plant species is endangered in India?

(a) Rauwolfia serpentina

(b) Santalum album (sandal wood)

(c) Cycas beddonei

(d) All of the above

Correct Answer: (d) All of the above

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