Most plants and animals have
popular names that can vary from place to place. So a name needed to be given that would be recognized everywhere. It was decided to use Latin for the scientiﬁc names, as it was the language used centuries ago by learned people. Carl Linnaeus was the man who established the modern scientiﬁc method for naming plants and animals.
Scientiﬁc names are in two parts. The ﬁrst part is the generic name, which describes a group of related living things. The second name is the specific name, which applies only to that living thing. This speciﬁc name may describe the living thing or could include the name of the person who discovered it.
The Latin name for a human is Homo sapien, meaning ’thinking man’, A fossil from Homo, or man, is How; habillis ( tool-using man)