“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library

Organic Acids

Important Organic Acids

Name Chiefly found in Formula
Lactic acid Sour milk C2H4OHCOOH
Acetic acid Vinegar CH3COOH
Formic acid (Methanoic acid) Ant venom HCO2H
Citric acid Citrus fruits like lemon, lime, orange C6H8O7
Oxalic acid Rhubarb, spinach H2C2O4
Butyric acid Milk, butter CH3CH2CH2-COOH
Lauric acid Coconut oil CH3(CH2)10COOH
Malic acid Sour apples, sour grapes HO2CCH2CHOHCO2H
Tartaric acid Grapes, tamarinds, pineapples C4H6O6
Erucic acid Rapeseed oil, Mustard oil CH3(CH2)7CH=CH(CH2)11COOH

 

Properties of Acids

1. Acids have pH less than 7.
2. Acids turn blue litmus to red.
3. Acids have sour taste.
Reactions
With bases Acids react with bases to produce a salt and water.
With carbonates Acids react with carbonates to produce salt, water and carbon dioxide.
With metals Acids react with metals to produce a salt and hydrogen.

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