“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.
31/01/2023 9:50 PM

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library

List of Important Jain Pilgrimage Sites

Jain Pilgrimage Sites
  • Palitana temples, Shatrunjay hills in Kathiawar, Gujarat.
    • It is regarded as the holiest site, especially by Svetambara sect.
    • It is mainly dedicated to Rishabha, the first tirthankara. It has more than 800 marble temples.
  • Shikarji, Parasnath in Jharkhand.
    • One of the holiest site and it is believed that 20 tirthankars attained Moksha here.
  • Girnar Temples, Junagadh district (Gujarat).
    • Among the 16 temples, the largest temple is of Neminath(22nd Tirthankar).
  • Pawapuri, Nalanda district in Bihar.
    • The last tirthankar Mahavira was cremated here.
  • Dilwara temples, Mount Abu in Rajasthan has five marvellous temples built of marble with intricate carvings.
    • The oldest of which Vimal Vasahi temple was built by Vimal Shah in 11th century AD.
    • The other temples are Luna Vasahi, Pittalhar, Parshvanath and Mahavir Swami, built through 13th-17th century.
  • Shravanabelagola in Karnataka.
    • The Gomateswara statute is of Lord Bahubali, the son of the first Jain Tirthankar.
    • It was built in 10th century AD by a minister in Ganga dynasty empire, Chamundaraya.
    • It has several ‘Basadis’ or Jain temples.
  • Shantinath temple complex in Deogarh, Lalitpur district in Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh.
    • It has 31 temples with beautiful iconography.
  • Bawangaja, Barwani district in Madhya Pradesh.
    • It has a 84 ft tall statue of Lord Adinath carved out of a single rock.
  • Various temples at Gwalior, Chanderi and Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Ranakpur temples, Pali district in Rajasthan.
    • It was built in 15th century and has got some similarities with Hoysala architecture and not Nagara.
    • There are over 1400 pillars and are carved in great detail and are unique to each other.
  • Discovery of Jain bronze statues in Chausa (Bihar) and Hansi (Hissar, Haryana), Akota (Vadodara, Gujarat).
  • Kankali Tila, near Mathura in Uttar Pradesh.
    • Here, there was discovery of a type of votive tablets known as Ayagapata used for donation and worship under Jainism in early centuries.
    • These tablets are decorated with objects and designs central to Jain worship such as the stupa, dharmacakra and triratna.
    • They present simultaneous trends or image and symbol worship.
    • The practice of donating these tablets is documented from 1st century BCE to 3rd century CE.
  • Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves in Odisha:
    • They date back to the 2nd–1st century BC and are dedicated to Jainism and carved out during the reign of King Kharavela.
    • The number of existing caves at Udayagiri is 18, while Khandagiri has 15.
    • Famous caves here include Hathi Gumpha, Rani Gumpha and Ganesh Gumpha.
    • They are rich with carvings of Jain tirthankaras and deities with inscriptions including the Hathigumpha inscription.
    • The Hathigumpha inscription, written by Raja Kharavela, consists of 17 lines incised in deep cut Brahmi letters and mainly mentions the various conquests of this king.
  • Nasiyan Temple in Ajmer, also known as Soniji Ki Nasiyan.
    • It was constructed in 19th century and dedicated to Lord Rishabhdev, the first Jain tirthankara.
  • Hathee Singh Jain Temple, Ahmedabad.
  • Sittanavasal Caves in Tamil Nadu.
  • Mangi-Tungi located near Tahrabad in Maharashtra.
    • It is a twinpinnacled peak with plateau in between and dedicated to Jainism and considered as a gateway to the state of enlightenment.
    • It enshrines images of Tirthankaras in several postures including Padmasana and kayotsarga and were made around 6th century AD.
    • Recently in
      2016, Statue of Ahimsa, an 108 ft idol carved in monolithic stone was consecrated here.
    • It is recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records as the tallest Jain idol in the world.
      Derasar is a word used for Jain temples in Gujarat and Sourthern Rajasthan.
    • In Karnataka, Jain temples are knows as Basadis.

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