“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library

Common and Scientific Names of Chemicals

Sodium Compounds

Common Name Chemical Name Formula
Washing soda Sodium carbonate Na2CO3
Baking soda Sodium bicarbonate NaHCO3
Borax Sodium tetraborate decahydrate Na2B4O7·10H2O
Brine Aqueous sodium chloride solution NaCl
Caustic soda Sodium hydroxide NaOH
Hypo Sodium thiosulfate Na2S2O3

 

Calcium Compounds

Common Name Chemical Name Formula
Bleaching powder Calcium hypochlorite Ca(ClO)2
Quick Lime Calcium oxide CaO
Marble Calcium carbonate CaCO3
Plaster of paris Calcium sulfate CaSO4
Chalk Calcium carbonate CaCO3
Gypsum natural Calcium sulfate CaSO4·2H2O

 

Other Compounds

Common Name Chemical Name Formula
Alum Aluminium potassium sulfate KAl(SO4)2.12H2O
Aqua regia Nitrohydrochloric acid HNO3 + 3 HCl
Aspirin Acetylsalicylic acid C9H8O4
Corundum (ruby, sapphire) Aluminium oxide Al2O3
Dry ice Solid Carbondioxide CO2
Epsom salts Magnesium sulfate MgSO4·7H2O
Heavy Water Deutrium oxide 2H2O or D2O
Pearl Ash Potassium carbonate K2CO3
Plumbago Graphite C
Prussic acid Hydrogen cyanide HCN
Jeweller’s rouge Ferric oxide Fe2O3
Saltpeter Potassium nitrate KNO3
Table sugar Sucrose C12H22O11
Talc or talcum Magnesium silicate Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vinegar Acetic acid CH3CO2H

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