“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers…

An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

“The Knowledge Library”

Knowledge for All, without Barriers……….
An Initiative by: Kausik Chakraborty.

The Knowledge Library

MCQS on Organs of The Government | सरकार के अंगों पर एमसीक्यूएस

Q: Which of the following is a primary function of the legislative branch?

A. Interpreting laws

B. Enforcing laws

C. Making laws

D. Adjudicating disputes

Answer: C. Making laws

Q: The upper house of the Indian Parliament is known as:

A. Lok Sabha

B. Rajya Sabha

C. House of Commons

D. House of Lords

Answer: B. Rajya Sabha

Q: The lower house of the United States Congress is:

A. The Senate

B. The House of Commons

C. The House of Representatives

D. The House of Lords

Answer: C. The House of Representatives

Q: Which body is responsible for approving the federal budget in the United States?

A. The President

B. The Senate

C. The House of Representatives

D. The Supreme Court

Answer : C. The House of Representatives

Q: How many members are there in the Rajya Sabha?

A. 245

B. 250

C. 238

D. 300

Answer: A. 245

Q: Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the powers of the Parliament?

A. Article 53

B. Article 79

C. Article 73

D. Article 74

Answer: B. Article 79

Q: The term for members of the House of Representatives in the United States is:

A. 2 years

B. 4 years

C. 6 years

D. Life term

Answer: A. 2 years

Q: The bicameral system of the Indian Parliament consists of:

A. President and Lok Sabha

B. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

C. Rajya Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies

D. Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies

Answer : B. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

Q: Who is the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha?

A. President

B. Prime Minister

C. Vice President

D. Speaker of Lok Sabha

Answer : C. Vice President

Q: In the UK, the House of Commons consists of:

A. Life peers

B. Bishops

C. Elected representatives

D. Hereditary peers

Answer : C. Elected representatives

Q: The head of the executive branch in a parliamentary system is typically the:

A. President

B. Prime Minister

C. Chief Justice

D. Speaker of the House

Answer : B. Prime Minister

Q: Which article of the Indian Constitution refers to the duties of the President?

A. Article 52

B. Article 56

C. Article 75

D. Article 60

Answer : D. Article 60

Q: The United States executive branch is headed by the:

A. Speaker

B. Vice President

C. President

D. Chief Justice

Answer : C. President

Q: In a presidential system, the President is elected for a term of:

A. 2 years

B. 4 years

C. 6 years

D. 8 years

Answer : B. 4 years

Q: Which body assists the President of India in discharging his/her duties?

A. Lok Sabha

B. Rajya Sabha

C. Union Council of Ministers

D. Supreme Court

Answer : C. Union Council of Ministers

Q: Who appoints the Prime Minister of India?

A. Lok Sabha

B. President

C. Rajya Sabha

D. Chief Justice

Answer : B. President

Q: The President of the United States is elected by:

A. Direct popular vote

B. State legislatures

C. Electoral College

D. The Senate

Answer : C. Electoral College

Q: The executive branch in India includes all the following except:

A. President

B. Prime Minister

C. Supreme Court

D. Council of Ministers

Answer : C. Supreme Court

Q: Who is the chief executive officer of a state in India?

A. Chief Minister

B. Governor

C. Prime Minister

D. President

Answer : A. Chief Minister

Q: Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the executive power of the Union?

A. Article 52

B. Article 53

C. Article 54

D. Article 55

Answer : B. Article 53

Q: Which is the highest court in India?

A. High Court

B. District Court

C. Supreme Court

D. Magistrate’s Court

Answer : C. Supreme Court

Q: Who appoints the judges of the Supreme Court of India?

A. Prime Minister

B. Chief Justice

C. President

D. Parliament

Answer : C. President

Q: The term of office for a Supreme Court judge in India is until the age of:

A. 60 years

B. 62 years

C. 65 years

D. 70 years

Answer : C. 65 years

Q: In the United States, the Supreme Court is composed of how many justices?

A. 7

B. 8

C. 9

D. 10

Answer : C. 9

Q: Which article of the Indian Constitution establishes the Supreme Court?

A. Article 124

B. Article 129

C. Article 130

D. Article 137

Answer : A. Article 124

Q: The power of judicial review in India is vested in:

A. Parliament

B. Supreme Court

C. President

D. Prime Minister

Answer : B. Supreme Court

Q: Who is the current Chief Justice of India (as of 2023)?

A. N. V. Ramana

B. Sharad Arvind Bobde

C. Ranjan Gogoi

D. D. Y. Chandrachud

Answer : D. Y. Chandrachud

Q: The judiciary in India acts as the guardian of:

A. State laws

B. The Constitution

C. International treaties

D. Government policies

Answer : B. The Constitution

Q: The concept of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) was introduced in India by:

A. The Parliament

B. The President

C. The Supreme Court

D. The Prime Minister

Answer : C. The Supreme Court

Q: Which of the following courts in India has original, appellate, and advisory jurisdiction?

A. High Court

B. District Court

C. Supreme Court

D. Session Court

Answer : C. Supreme Court

Q: The term “bicameral legislature” refers to a legislature that:

A. Has one chamber

B. Has two chambers

C. Is elected by both the people and the state governments

D. Has members from both the executive and judiciary

Answer : B. Has two chambers

Q: In the United Kingdom, the system of government is known as:

A. Presidential

B. Parliamentary

C. Federal

D. Confederate

Answer : B. Parliamentary

Q: The separation of powers refers to the division of government responsibilities into distinct branches to:

A. Promote efficiency

B. Prevent any one branch from exercising the core functions of another

C. Ensure cooperation between branches

D. Simplify the government structure

Answer : B. Prevent any one branch from exercising the core functions of another

Q: The principle of “checks and balances” is designed to:

A. Increase the power of the executive branch

B. Limit the powers of the individual branches of government

C. Strengthen the legislative branch

D. Combine the powers of all branches

Answer : B. Limit the powers of the individual branches of government

Q: Which country has a federal system of government?

A. France

B. United Kingdom

C. India

D. Japan

Answer : C. India

Q: The Prime Minister in a parliamentary system is usually:

A. Elected by the people

B. Appointed by the judiciary

C. The leader of the majority party in parliament

D. A member of the Supreme Court

Answer : C. The leader of the majority party in parliament

Q: A key feature of a federal system of government is:

A. A single, central authority

B. The division of power between a central government and regional governments

C. Rule by the judiciary

D. Unitary control over the entire nation

Answer : B. The division of power between a central government and regional governments

Q: Which country follows a unitary system of government?

A. United States

B. Germany

C. India

D. Japan

Answer : D. Japan

Q: The “rule of law” means:

A. Laws can be arbitrary

B. Everyone, including the government, is subject to the law

C. Only the judiciary is subject to the law

D. The executive is above the law

Answer : B. Everyone, including the government, is subject to the law

Q: A major difference between a presidential and parliamentary system is:

A. The executive is part of the legislature in a presidential system

B. The executive is separate from the legislature in a parliamentary system

C. The head of state and head of government are typically separate in a presidential system

D. The executive is part of the legislature in a parliamentary system

Answer : D. The executive is part of the legislature in a parliamentary system

Q: Who presides over the joint sittings of the Indian Parliament?

A. Prime Minister

B. President

C. Speaker of Lok Sabha

D. Chairman of Rajya Sabha

Answer : C. Speaker of Lok Sabha

Q: The impeachment process of the President of India can be initiated in:

A. Lok Sabha only

B. Rajya Sabha only

C. Either House of Parliament

D. The Supreme Court

Answer : C. Either House of Parliament

Q: In the United States, the power to declare war is vested in:

A. The President

B. The Senate

C. The House of Representatives

D. The Congress

Answer : D. The Congress

Q: Which of the following is not a feature of federalism?

A. Multiple levels of government

B. A written constitution

C. Centralized decision-making

D. Division of powers

Answer : C. Centralized decision-making

Q: The concept of judicial review originated in:

A. United Kingdom

B. United States

C. France

D. India

Answer : B. United States

Q: The advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India is covered under:

A. Article 129

B. Article 137

C. Article 141

D. Article 143

Answer : D. Article 143

Q: Which country has an unwritten constitution?

A. India

B. United States

C. United Kingdom

D. France

Answer : C. United Kingdom

Q: In India, the Union Budget is presented by the:

A. Prime Minister

B. President

C. Finance Minister

D. Home Minister

Answer : C. Finance Minister

Q: The Constitutional Head of the Executive of the Union is:

A. Prime Minister

B. President

C. Chief Justice

D. Vice President

Answer : B. President

Q: The “Shadow Cabinet” is a feature of which system of government?

A. Presidential

B. Parliamentary

C. Federal

D. Unitary

Answer : B. Parliamentary

Q: Who has the authority to dissolve the Lok Sabha before the expiry of its term?

A. Prime Minister

B. President

C. Chief Justice

D. Vice President

Answer : B. President

Q: Who is the chief legal advisor to the Government of India?

A. Chief Justice of India

B. Attorney General of India

C. Solicitor General of India

D. Law Minister

Answer : B. Attorney General of India

Q: Which amendment of the Indian Constitution reduced the voting age from 21 to 18?

A. 42nd Amendment

B. 61st Amendment

C. 73rd Amendment

D. 86th Amendment

Answer : B. 61st Amendment

Q: The term “Quorum” refers to:

A. The minimum number of members required to conduct a meeting

B. The majority required to pass a bill

C. The majority required to elect a leader

D. The number of members needed to form a government

Answer : A. The minimum number of members required to conduct a meeting

Q: Which body has the power to initiate impeachment proceedings against the President of India?

A. Lok Sabha

B. Rajya Sabha

C. Supreme Court

D. Either House of Parliament

Answer : D. Either House of Parliament

Q: Who is the presiding officer of the Lok Sabha?

A. President

B. Vice President

C. Prime Minister

D. Speaker

Answer : D. Speaker

Q: The principle of “Collective Responsibility” is a feature of:

A. Presidential system

B. Federal system

C. Parliamentary system

D. Unitary system

Answer : C. Parliamentary system

Q: In India, the power to amend the Constitution rests with:

A. President

B. Parliament

C. Supreme Court

D. Prime Minister

Answer : B. Parliament

Q: The process of Judicial Review ensures:

A. Supremacy of the Parliament

B. Supremacy of the Judiciary

C. Constitutionality of laws

D. Effective functioning of the Executive

Answer : C. Constitutionality of laws

Q: Who is responsible for the preparation and presentation of the Union Budget in India?

A. Prime Minister

B. Finance Minister

C. President

D. Speaker of Lok Sabha

Answer : B. Finance Minister

Q: Which organ of the government has the power to interpret the Constitution?

A. Executive

B. Legislature

C. Judiciary

D. All of the above

Answer : C. Judiciary

Q: The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to:

A. President

B. Prime Minister

C. Lok Sabha

D. Rajya Sabha

Answer : C. Lok Sabha

Q: Which amendment of the Indian Constitution incorporated the Fundamental Duties of citizens?

A. 40th Amendment

B. 42nd Amendment

C. 44th Amendment

D. 52nd Amendment

Answer : B. 42nd Amendment

Q: The tenure of a Judge of the Supreme Court of India can be terminated before retirement age by:

A. Voluntary resignation

B. Impeachment

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

Answer : C. Both (A) and (B)

Q: The Parliamentary form of government is also known as:

A. Cabinet Government

B. Presidential Government

C. Dual Government

D. Federal Government

Answer : A. Cabinet Government

Q: In the context of governance, ‘Public Accountability’ means:

A. Government actions are subject to public scrutiny

B. Government actions are confidential

C. Only the judiciary can question government actions

D. None of the above

Answer : A. Government actions are subject to public scrutiny

Q: The Lok Sabha can be dissolved by the:

A. President

B. Prime Minister

C. Speaker of Lok Sabha

D. Chief Justice

Answer : A. President

Q: Which of the following is not a Fundamental Right under the Indian Constitution?

A. Right to Equality

B. Right to Freedom

C. Right to Property

D. Right against Exploitation

Answer : C. Right to Property

Q: The principle of “Rule of Law” was advocated by:

A. Karl Marx

B. A.V. Dicey

C. Aristotle

D. Plato

Answer : B. A.V. Dicey

Q: Who can remove the Vice President of India from office?

A. President

B. Parliament

C. Supreme Court

D. Prime Minister

Answer : B. Parliament

Q: Which of the following is the tenure of the members of the Rajya Sabha?

A. 5 years

B. 6 years

C. 4 years

D. 3 years

Answer : B. 6 years

Q: The Directive Principles of State Policy are:

A. Justiciable

B. non-justiciable

C. Fundamental Rights

D. Laws

Answer : B. non-justiciable

Q: In India, the Union Territories are administered by:

A. Governors

B. Lieutenant Governors/Administrators

C. Chief Ministers

D. The Prime Minister

Answer : B. Lieutenant Governors/Administrators

Q: The concept of “Basic Structure” of the Constitution was introduced by the:

A. 24th Amendment

B. Keshavananda Bharati case

C. Golaknath case

D. 44th Amendment

Answer : B. Keshavananda Bharati case

Q: Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the imposition of President’s Rule in states?

  1. Article 352
  2. Article 356
  3. Article 360
  4. Article 370

Answer : B. Article 356

Q: The tenure of the Lok Sabha is:

A. 5 years

B. 6 years

C. 4 years

D. 3 years

Answer : A. 5 years

Q: Who is the final interpreter of the Indian Constitution?

A. Parliament

B. President

C. Supreme Court

D. Prime Minister

Answer : C. Supreme Court

Q: The President of India can proclaim emergency under Article 352 in the event of:

A. War

B. External Aggression

C. Armed Rebellion

D. All the above

Answer : D. All of the above

Q: The first law officer of the Government of India is the:

A. Chief Justice of India

B. Attorney General of India

C. Solicitor General of India

D. Law Minister

Answer : B. Attorney General of India

Q: The principle of “Collective Responsibility” means that the:

A. Cabinet is collectively responsible to the Parliament

B. Cabinet is collectively responsible to the President

C. Ministers are individually responsible to the Parliament

D. Ministers are individually responsible to the President

Answer : A. Cabinet is collectively responsible to the Parliament

 

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